After acknowledging and duly respect contrary viewpoints, the
community Nursing and Midwifery program is to solve a particular
lingering problem. That is, getting Nurses to stay in the PHCs and very
hard to reach communities.
Knowing that over 65% of our
population in Nigeria live in rural areas and have a greater burden of
disease, the govt waited for us as nurses to solve this problem but we
didn’t until it was pressed to launch the CHEW and JCHEW programs. Dr.
Ransom Kuti’s fact. He came to us nurses first. But we sounded then like
we are sounding now. If we were more foresighted, today we would have
been solely in charge of PHCs and regulating all those practicing one
form of care or the other as done in all other countries.
community cadre professionals solved the govt’ problem at a lower cost.
It witnessed less attrition because most of them have their families in
those localities. These are real community/PHC issues we have grabbled
with for years. That is why the CHEW prog is resonating very well with
govt. Our drawback gave room to the CHEW who have become our nightmare.
Sadly, they practice nursing yet they are not regulated by the nursing
council. It is an error. I don’t know of another serious country where
that is the case. If I am right, I think the Medical Laboratory and
Pharmaceutical councils have been able to solve their own. I think they
play a critical role in regulating lab technicians and pharmacy
technicians. For me, the launch of the community nursing and midwifery
program should have come years ago and there would never have been any
other cadre like the CHEWs not regulated by NMCN. But our failure to see
the big picture is now of greater threat to our profession than any
other. Better late than never though.
In almost all the other
countries including the USA, UK, Australia, and Canada, every and
anybody carrying out any form of CARE is licensed/ certified and
regulated by the nursing council. You have cadres like home care
assistants, care aids, licensed Nurses practitioners etc….some as low
as 2weeks training. They all have their specific jurisdictions and
For the govt, it is not the name or even the “quality of
care” first. “Are they going to be available and possibly cheaper?” Is
their question. If Yes! With the reality of scarce resources facing
every nation, govt will always appreciate available and affordability in
certain circumstances like staffing PHCs even if the quality of care is
not up to standard. They believe, half quality is better than no
service at all. And believe it or not, if you are familiar with PHCs and
hard to reach areas, that statement is 100% true. There are many PHCs
that lack certified care providers CHEWs & JCHEWs inclusive. The
health attendants are the best they have. And while we encourage govt to
do more to equip our health centers and make it conducive, the resource
available will not deliver that anytime soon no matter how you push.
However, as we expect govt to do the needful, we have rural dwellers who
need our care in any way possible. We won’t abandon them until the
government makes the environment conducive. Your guess is as good as
There is absolutely no need for us to start putting up #tags or campaign against this!
Just last week we were talking about how nurses no longer conduct ANC
palpitations, delivery and IVs in some hospitals but on the contrary,
the CHEWS and JCHEWs are being trained to undertake greater roles
including delivery. Funny enough, CHEWS hare not just taking charge of
the PHCs, they are also employed by GHs, Tertiary hospitals and private
as care assistance and nurses respectively. That gives them more
employability scope than we nurses.
Please, we need to do more
to regain our place in the PHCs management as seen in other countries.
PHCs are managed purely by Nurses. As preventive care takes centre stage
globally, the PHCs in the target of 80% attending to people at
Hence a clarion call to Nurses to emulate
global changes in health care delivery system most especially in
Nigeria, so that we avoid our previous mistakes.
Foreign Nurses, Doctors and other migrants planning to migrate to UK will now have to spend more money than before as the immigration health surcharge (IHS fees) is set to increase from £400 to £624 per year with effect from October, 2020 .
figure will apply for all surcharge liable non-EEA migrants (and their
dependents) from October 2020, expanding to include EEA migrants from
The measure also increases the discounted rate for
students, their dependents and those on the Youth Mobility Scheme from
£300 to £470. The surcharge will also be set at £470 for all children
under the age of 18.
The news of an increased surcharge is not
unexpected according tonhsemployers.org and was part of the Conservative
manifesto in November 2019, but the exact timing has now been
The National Universities Commission (NUC) has approved four new courses
at degree level for Trinity University, Yaba, Lagos. The courses are
Nursing Science, Medical Laboratory Science, International Relations and
Diplomacy and Physics with Electronics. Subsequently, the institution
has commenced admission of students to these new programmes for the
current academic session of 2019/2020.
According to the
university’s management, the development was made possible due to the
institution’s excellent facilities for effective teaching, learning and
practicals, which were inspected by the NUC before the approval.
institution’s vice chancellor, Professor Charles Korede Ayo, expressed
delight at the development, describing it as a vital contribution to the
tertiary education sector in the country.
“This will make a
significant contribution and a welcome relief to many students who were
not able to gain admission for these highly-competitive courses in the
universities. It will also be good news to parents and guardians and
potential students that the fees are moderate,” he said.
chat with newsmen on Friday, the Vice Chancellor assured existing and
prospective students of a stimulating, dynamic and fulfilling
environment for learning.
-Nigeria has a total number of 350,000 Registered Nurses -Only 124,000 Registered Nurses are Active -14,000 New Registered Nurses are produced annually in Nigeria
Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria has inducted 144 graduates of
nursing science of foreign universities. The inductees had completed a
six month adaptation programme in Nigerian universities and passed
professional examination for general nursing conducted in November 2019.
during the induction ceremony at the council’s headquarters in Abuja,
Registrar of the council, Alhaji Faruk Umar Abubakar said 317 foreign
trained nurses participated in the professional examination but only
144 were successful and inducted. He said the inductees were graduates
of Bachelor of Nursing Science programmes from universities in 18
countries. The countries are Egypt, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana,
India, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Malaysia, Namibia, Niger, Philippines
,Sri -Lanka ,Sudan ,Turkey ,United Arab Emirates (UAE), Uganda and
Alhaji Faruk said the inductees had added to
the country’s human resources for health thus reducing the enormous
challenges of the shortage of nurses in Nigeria. “Presently we
have over 350,000 registered nurses and midwives but only 124,000 are
active in practice which is greatly inadequate in meeting the health
challenges in our country.”
The registrar said
that the council produced an average of 14,000 professional nurses
annually and that it was committed to tripling the number in the next
three years. He enjoined the inductees to be competent nurses,
adding that it was only competent nurses that could identify patients’
needs and provide quality care for patients and consumers of healthcare.
“A great nurse should maintain high standard of
professionalism in approach to work, diligent to work, good
communication skills, effective interpersonal skills, attentiveness,
quick problem solving abilities, promptness in responding to patients,
empathic disposition, energetic and friendliness. These qualities with
knowledge of professional code of practice will help you to keep within
your scope of practice. Practice in line with the best available
evidence.” He enjoined the foreign trained nurses to be willing to learn
and yield to the counsel of experienced colleagues already working in
the clinical area.
He said the board of the council has
approved the training of 50,000 community midwives in the next five
years across the country to work at primary health centers in the 774
local government council in Nigeria. Board chairman of the
council, Dr. Abosede Bola Ofi enjoined the inductees to adhere to the
ethics of the profession, and avoid all forms of misconduct. Director
Nursing Services of the Federal Ministry of Health, Mrs Veronica Okolo
said the year 2020 has been declared the International Year of the
Nurses and Midwife.
She urged the graduands to join efforts
with the country to achieve Universal Health coverage (UHC) and the
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Highlights of the event was the
presentation of awards to the best performing inductee for the November
2019 professional examination of foreign trained nurses, Basirat Yusuf
Adejoke , and the best performing University for the professional
examination, University of Port-Harcourt.
Adejoke, who studied nursing in Sudan, and did her adaption progamme at
the University of Ilorin, thanked the council for the induction and
promised that the inductees would do their best to maintain best
professional practice, and also promote the good name of the council at
all times. She called on government at all levels for increased
budgetary allocation to the health sector to ensure provision of
requisite equipment , research and quality service delivery as obtained
in other climes. Aminu Aliyu, studied at the Maryam Abacha American
University of Niger, Niger Republic.
He said he went out of
the country to study because there were lots of challenges studying
nursing in Nigeria. He said for instance students were not admitted to
study nursing in the country even when they pass Jamb and university
examinations . He said there was a lot of corruption in Nigerian
universities that he didn’t encounter such when he travelled out to
He promised to work in a Nigerian hospital with full
dedication and commitment to duty. Charles Nnodi who studied nursing in
the University of Georgia, Eastern Europe, said there was need for
Nigeria to adopt the use of Information Communication Technology(ICT )
in nursing education in the country. He said he would combine his
international and local experiences to give patients the best. Hadiza
Magaji Bakwori who studied at Nile College University, Sudan, said she
would assist indigent patients and those who cannot fully fund
healthcare services provided for them.
President Donald trump on friday added Nigeria to the travel ban lists, a list of nations who have to contend with stringent travel restrictions. This action virtually blocks immigration to the United States for Nigerians. Other countries recently added to the list include Eritrea, Sudan, Tanzania, Kyrgyzstan etc
As a result, immigrant visas issued to Nigerians who want to live in the U.S is now banned. The trump administration has argued that the ban to restrict travel from countries that are muslim populated is necessary to force these countries to meet security requirements for travel into the united states or face restrictions until they do.
Immigrant visas, issued to those seeking to live in the United States, will be banned. The proclamation will take effect on February 22 2020. Immigrants who obtain visas before then will still be able to travel to the United States, officials said.
However, Nonimmigrant visas, including those for students and certain temporary workers, as well as visas reserved for potential employees with specialized skills like doctors, nurses etc, will not be affected by the ban.
It is advisable that those who are preparing for NCLEX-RN Exam should continue as we will bring you update as events unfold
The Kajiado County Executive Committee Member (CECM) in-charge of
Health, Esther Somoire has suspended two county government employees
following the death of a mother and her child under unclear
Somoire confirmed the suspension of the Ambulance
driver and the Nurse who were on duty during last Friday’s incident
where a 26-year-old woman died after jumping from the ambulance which
was ferrying her sick son to hospital.
While addressing the press
at her office, the Health CEC emphasized that the safety of patients is
paramount irrespective of whether they are in a health facility or
inside an ambulance.
“As a department, we are committed to ensure
that we get to the bottom of this matter because we have standard
procedures that always guide our health professionals while undertaking
their duties to ensure that we save lives and in that breadth, we have
suspended the driver and the accompanying nurse who were on duty on that
day pending investigations,” said Somoire.
Leslie Naiso, who was
expectant, jumped out of the moving ambulance after her ailing son,
Solomon Leslie succumbed to illness as he was being transferred to
Kajiado County Referral Hospital.
The boy had been treated at Il
Bissil Health Centre before being transferred to the referral hospital
as his condition was said to have worsened.
According to a police
report on the incident, the woman opened the rear door of the county
government ambulance and jumped to her death on seeing that her son’s
condition had worsened.
“On reaching at the location of the
accident, the mother of the ailing child opened the rear door of the
vehicle upon sensing that the boy’s condition was worsening, jumped out
of the moving vehicle and as a result, she sustained multiple injuries,”
states the report.
Both the child and the mother were rushed to
the Kajiado Referral Hospital where the boy was pronounced dead on
arrival while the mother succumbed to injuries while undergoing
The bodies were moved to the same hospital’s mortuary while the ambulance was towed to Kajiado Police Station for inspection.
according to an eye witness who did not want to be named, the nurse was
sitting in front with the driver and the woman was at the back alone
with her sick child.
“It is absolutely shocking and unimaginable
that a patient can be transferred to another hospital without being the
under care of a medical official at the back of the ambulance. The nurse
was sitting with the driver at the front and they didn’t realize that
the mother had jumped out of the car and they even drove up to Kumpa and
then turned back asking us if we had seen someone jump out of the
ambulance,” he said.
The Kajiado Central Sub County Commander,
Daudi Loronyokwe said investigations were on-going and both the driver
and nurse had already recorded statements.
“Already, the driver
and the nurse who were on board the ambulance have recorded statements
with us and after conclusion of the investigations, we will definitely
take action against the responsible individuals,” he said. Source: Kenyan News
The Western Cape College of Nursing would like to congratulate the matric class of 2019! All learners who applied to study at the WCCN are advised of the following:
1. Applications for acceptance into the 2020 academic program closed on 30 August 2019. The 2020 course has already commenced.
2. Due to the 2020 program being full, no new applications will be
accepted. No admission into the program will be made available as the
college does not accommodate walk-ins.
3. Kindly note that the
next application cycle will occur later in the year. This is usually
between June and September every year, but please be sure to contact the
campus closer to the time when application forms become available to
4. The 4-year diploma course has been phased out by
the South African Nursing Council. The WCCN has been accredited with the
new 3-year diploma course which will be on offer with the next academic
intake (See attached).
5. Candidates awaiting feedback on their
application are advised to contact the campus where they submitted their
application as each campus has access to its own database. This is
applicable to candidates placed on a waiting list. Feedback can shed
light on where candidates can improve when re-applying to the college.
Don’t give up!
The chief nurse of a trust where Florence Nightingale set up
her first nursing school has said she wants to use this “important”
year to achieve zero nursing vacancies and raise the status of the
Dame Eileen Sills from Guy’s
and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust has told how she would like to build
on the reputation of the trust “as the place to go to be a nurse”
during the International Year of the Nurse and Midwife.
week the trust held a launch event at St Thomas’ Hospital to kick-start
celebrations for 2020, which coincides with the 200th anniversary of
Florence Nightingale’s birth.
Speaking at the event, Dame Eileen
told her nursing colleagues that this year was about “remembering the
legacy” that Florence gave the profession.
She said that the hospital had a “special place within nursing” because Florence’s first school started up there in 1860.
think what 2020 is about, is us remembering the legacy that Florence
Nightingale gave us, where we have come from and celebrating our
future,” said Dame Eileen.
She added: “I think if we lose the importance of our past then we will be poorer in the future.
“So, this year is about having a bit of fun, appreciating our legacy [and] participating in a whole raft of initiatives.”
Eileen, who has been nursing for 40 years this year, encouraged her
colleagues to use the time over the next year to “understand the value
we make, not just to Guy’s and St Thomas’, but the value to the NHS as a
“We’re a force to be reckoned with,” she added.
World Health Organisation has made this the International Year of the
Nurse and all of a sudden I think most importantly the world has woken
up that you can’t do without us.”
In an interview with Nursing
Times after her speech, Dame Eileen was asked what she would like to
achieve for the trust during this significant year.
She said: “We would like to build our reputation further as the place to go to be a nurse.
“I’d like to have no vacancies by the end of the year.”
and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust currently has 679 whole time
equivalent registered nurse vacancies, which is 12% of its total nursing
“I want nurses to basically say…that it’s the best
place to work. Our profile in the organisation is very high anyway and I
think this will just sort of cement it,” she added.
Dame Eileen highlighted that the year of 2020 should be used to “raise the status of nursing worldwide”.
“I think we have good status in this country, but worldwide that’s not always the case,” she said.
the world we want everybody to understand and realise the contribution
that nursing can make, which is pretty considerable, and it not be
defined by the country that you are in.”
To celebrate year of the
nurse, the trust has implemented a theme for each month during 2020
which includes a focus on leadership, education, community services and
infection control (see full list below).
The trust will also be
holding its annual nursing and midwifery awards in May and has plans for
two new installations at the hospital, though Dame Eileen could not
reveal what they would be.
In addition, the trust has a
competition planned with a primary school to “design the future nursing
uniform”. Dame Eileen said the winner would then be given the chance to
create the uniform.
Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust’s themes for the year:
Abiodun Essiet, a gender advocate, women leader of Nigeria Women Trust
Fund (NWTF) and public health consultant, is the special adviser (SA) to
the Chairman, Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) Hon. Abdullahi
Candido, on ICT, donor agencies, and civil societies. In this interview
with ENE OSANG, she speaks on how she joined politics, her experience
among others. What is your background and did it influence you joining politics?
am a registered nurse. I hold a Bachelors Degree in Nursing Science and
a Masters in Public Health. I also hold a Diploma in Development
Leadership and certificate in Community Development Leadership by Women,
Conflict, and Peace-building, Action Research for Citizens-led Change
from Coady International Institute, Nova Scotia, Canada.
I am a
passionate community leader with seven years of experience in project
management, community development and leadership. I am also involved in
identifying development gaps in society and ways of bridging the gaps.
2018, I participated in the canvassing pan African youth democracy
programme and I am working on a six-month project in my community on
public service efficiency by engaging elected representatives to become
more accountable, efficient and to deliver impactful governance to
Currently, I am the National Director for Women, Gender
and Development Affairs of Africa Youth Union Commission, as well as
the Executive Director of Abiodun Essiet initiative for girls, a Non
Governmental Organizations (NGO) dealing with youth and women
empowerment, Board Member and Health Consultant For Strong Enough Girls
Empowerment Initiative and a volunteer for Baobab for Women’s rights.
am actively engaged in public service, volunteerism and mentoring, and I
started the “35% Inclusion Movements”, a grassroots movement aimed at
reaching 35 per cent inclusion of women in decision making positions
towards 2019 Nigeria general election.
I created a social media
network known as the Young Africa Women leaders Network to Mentor young
women across Africa on politics and leadership development, a platform I
use to share my political journal as an aspirant in the general
election in Nigeria.
Your background is in the healthcare sector, why did you move to politics?
practiced nursing for some years and later moved into the civil society
which launched me into an activism program. I became an advocate for
gender equality and good governance.
My work in civil society got
me involved in women’s empowerment programmes that really opened my
eyes to the issues women are facing across the various sectors of life
and development. The activist in me was not okay with the status quo. I
felt something has to be done especially concerning the marginalization
of women in governance.
This led to starting a grassroots
movement called ‘35% Inclusion Movement, to advocate for 35% inclusion
of women in leadership at both the public and private sectors, which was
in line with international declarations and treaties like CEDAW, and
Beijing platform for action 1995.
In the year 2016, I decided to
practice what I preached by fully getting involved in politics by
registering in a political party.
I see politics as an important
tool for getting into governance. For so long we have left some specific
kind of people who are not really interested in developing this nation
in politics to shape our governance system which I was not happy about. I
felt we needed a new crop of people who are transformational leaders,
interested in developing this nation in politics.
My parents are
politician, so at the early stage of my life I started participating in
party politics passively but I became a partisan politician in 2016.
As an undergraduate and also in the postgraduate, I contested for different positions in our departmental association.
So, what has the experience been as SA to AMAC chairman?
I contested in the last general elections as counsellor for my ward,
Orozo Ward, which is one of the 12 wards that constitute AMAC.
contested against five men and lost at the primary election. Although I
didn’t like how everything turned out during my primary elections, I
continued working for the party.
I was made the campaign
secretary for my ward for the campaign team of APC, where I worked with
other members of the party to canvas for votes for our candidates at the
I also joined the APC FCT Women Leader, Hon.
Hail Mary Aipob, campaign structure, where we formed a new campaign team
called Women and Youth for Buhari. We went around the FCT with the
minister to canvas for votes.
The AMAC chairman, Hon. Abdullahi
Adamu Candido, noticed my commitment to the party and my community
development work and he requested that I should join his team to serve
I joined the team in May 2019 and my seven months in
office has been interesting and challenging. Coming from a civil society
background some of the civil servants found my zeal to make a change
strange because they are used to having things done in a particular.
I spent 1st month in office to understand the system and to draft my
agenda. In my one month in office, I was able to revive the ICT unit and
I updated our social media pages. I registered AMAC as a member of
world smart cities and local governments. I also created a structure to
manage the affairs of civil societies in AMAC.
The first few
months of resumption of the administration were used to set the agenda.
Interactive meetings were held with the staff of the ICT division, the
information division of the council and the social welfare unit of the
council. Assessment of the website, social media platforms of the
council was carried out by the team; information gathered was used to
initiate the process for updating the website of the council with the
We also had engagement with relevant donors
and civil societies. The team paid a courtesy visit to various national
and international organizations.
We now have a very active social
media handles. We are currently updating our website. In this process,
my team is working on securing the website, activating links to the
various departments and we also working on creating a newsfeed section
on the website.
I led AMAC delegation on a governance impact learning visit to Kigali, Rwanda, and Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
governance impact learning visit is a program designed to expose young
political leaders to global standards of governance and provide them
with a peer support space for ideating on how to cascade such learning
experiences for governance impact in their local political leadership
and sphere of influence. Participants spent six days visiting relevant
government agencies and institutions in Rwanda and UAE.
What informed the choice Rwanda and Dubai?
is ranked as the second easiest place to do business in Africa and also
ranks higher than Nigeria in the global competitiveness index by the
While Dubai which was an emerging state in the early
’80s has become one of the world’s leading tourist and investment
destinations within a space of three decades, and Nigeria with far more
resources than both countries lags behind. Both countries have
substantially improved vital sectors such as education, health,
transportation, and tourism, which have significantly enhanced the
impact of government on the lives of the citizenry.
Rwanda and Dubai also have a relatively flexible visa policy and low travel costs.
ensured development partners meeting with the council chairman whereby
21 partners attended the meeting with the cabinet members of the
The meeting was organized to provide a coordinating
platform for the council to know the donors and NGO’s working on various
projects within the municipal area and to create an opportunity for
development partners to share their projects and action plans.
the meeting, the chairman recognized that the government cannot do
everything; partnership globally can assist the government.
Interventions through organizations will ensure services reach consumers
and promote the development of a more united and prosperous Area
Council; through encouraging brotherhood between Indigenes and other
Nigerians to appreciate stronger ties and partnership. The meeting was
also to strengthen existing infrastructure and we harped the need for
AMAC microfinance banks to support economic empowerment among the less
income AMAC residents.
Also, the need for sustainable agriculture
development, promoting the achievement of basic health care provision
across all our Primary Health Care Centres; partnership for e-governance
service delivery in the council; exchange programmes with other
councils across the globe and an all-inclusive government that
encourages women to contribute their quota to development at all levels
was stressed. You joined AMAC seven months ago but was awarded the most efficient staff in 2019, how did this make you feel council?
feel excited and proud of my achievement. I promised myself to perform
my duties with excellence. Knowing that women hardly occupy the position
I occupy at all levels of government I wanted to make women proud and
also for the men to find it worthy to always put women in positions of
authority. My success is dedicated to women in governance.
achievements rebranded AMAC on social media, built the capacity of staff
on ICT. I ensured AMAC was registered with Wego Facilitator, AMAC
partners and ICT investor.
I established a structure for creating
a gender unit and gender policy in AMAC to sensitise staff on
gender-based violence at the workplace.
I promoted working
relationship of AMAC with developmental partners by setting first-ever
Round-table discussion on development with the AMAC chairman. I also
facilitated several projects/programmes for AMAC from NGOs and donor
Before I came to office, men had been occupying this
position for a long time and none of them could do half of what I did in
seven months. I am happy I have a HeforShe as chairman. He appreciates
good work and awarded me the overall best cabinet member in AMAC for
What is your vision for AMAC?
vision for AMAC is for the council to be the best local government in
Nigeria, setting the pace for others to follow. I look forward to an
inclusive council with the agenda of bringing dividends of democracy to
Also, I envision a council that supports citizen’s involvement in governance, promoting open governance and transparency.
line with my office, I want AMAC to be the best council that promotes
enabling environment for none governmental organisations to engage with
What advice will you give young women who are facing challenges in politics?
will encourage them to be bold, calm and collected. Learn about
politics before getting into it. Have a mentor within the party
They should know their constituency very well and relate well with members of their constituency as well as community leaders.
success in politics also depends on money, every month I set aside 20
per cent of my salary to give welfare to people in my community. So, what will you say to Nigerians in general?
all Nigeria, good governance depends on our day to day actions and not
just on the actions of few people elected to manage the affairs of
Get involved in governance; let your voice be heard. Change begins with us.
women, take the steps. We are often limited by so many factors that
directly or indirectly affect our lives. Believe in your dreams and take
the necessary steps towards actualising those dreams, the world will
not fall apart without you.
The State of the World’s Midwifery (SoWMy) 2021 is coming! The report
will focus on the progress and future challenges to deliver effective
coverage and quality midwifery services. This will be the third State of
the World’s Midwifery report.
The SoWMy data 2021 will be collected via the WHO’s National Health
Workforce Accounts (NHWA) data platform and now another set of data will
be collected from the ICM Member Associations.
ICM and UNFPA ask that the Midwives’ Associations
engage in and LEAD the collection of the data, with the support of the
UNFPA Country offices where possible. All members can participate and there are no eligibility criteria except for the data to be valid.
We ask Member Associations to collect and submit the data via the
survey. The survey has been divided into four shorter versions. There
are a total of 82 questions. Don’t be discouraged!
The SoWMy 2021 data will also be shared on a redesigned ICM Global Midwives Association Map.
The data collection starts NOW!
Read the ICM – UNFPA official letter for the ICM Members on SoWMy report 2021