Niger Delta University Masters and PhD In Nursing Application Forms on Sale for 2019/2020

Applications are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission to full-time Postgraduate Programmes for the 2019/2020 academic session in the following Faculties.

1.       FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

  1. Fisheries and Aquaculture
  2. Agricultural Economics
  3. Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology
  4. Crop Production
  5. Crop Protection
  6. Soil Science
  7. Animal Science
Niger Delta University

b.       Master of Science (MSc.) in:

  1. Fisheries and Aquatic Studies/Animal Science
  2. Soil Science
  3. Agricultural Economics
  4. Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology
  5. Crop Production
  6. Crop Protection
  7. Soil Science
  8. Animal Science

c. Doctor of Philosophy in:

  1. Fisheries and Aquatic Studies/Animal Science
  2. Soil Science
  3. Agricultural Economics
  4. Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology
  5. Crop Production
  6. Crop Protection
  7. Soil Science
  8. Animal Science in options where supervisors are available

2.       FACULTY OF ARTS

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Fine and Applied Arts

b.       Master of Arts (MA) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D) in:

i.      English and Literary Studies

ii.     Fine and Applied Arts

iii.   History

iv.   Religious Studies

v.     Theatre Arts

3.       FACULTY OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES

a.     Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

  1. Medical Laboratory Science
  2. Biochemistry

b.     Master of Science (MSc) in:

i. Medical Laboratory Science

ii. Biochemistry

c.     Doctor of Philosophy

  1. Medical Laboratory Science
  2. Biochemistry

4.       FACULTY OF CLINICAL SCIENCE

a.     Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

       i. Public Health

Master of Science (MSc) in:

       ii. Public Health      

5.     FACULTY OF EDUCATION

a.        Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Education, (PGDE)

ii.     Technical Education, (PGDTED)

iii.   Health Education, (PGDHED)

c.        Master of Education (MEd) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

  1. Adult and Community Education
  2. Educational Management
  3. History of Education
  4. Philosophy of Education
  5. Sociology of Education
  6. Guidance and Counseling
  7. Agricultural Science Education
  8. viii.Business Education
  1. Technology Education (Building only)
  2. Science Education            

6.       FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

a.       Master of Engineering (MEng) in:

  1. Agricultural Engineering
  2. Chemical Engineering
  3. Civil Engineering
  4. Mechanical Engineering

 b. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

   1. Agricultural Engineering

  1. Chemical Engineering
  2. Civil Engineering
  3. Mechanical Engineering

7.     FACULTY OF LAW

        a.     Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Petroleum and Environmental Law

ii.     Local Government and practice

iii.   Customary law and practice

iv.   Commercial Arbitration

b.       Master of Laws (LLM) in:

i.      Public Law

ii.     Petroleum and Environmental Law

iii.   Property Law

iv.   Business corporate Law

d.       Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

i.      Public Law

ii.     Petroleum and Environment Law

iii.   Property Law

iv.   Business and corporate Law

8.      FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCES

a.    Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Accounting

ii.     Banking and Finance

iii.   Management             

iv.   Marketing   

v.     Office and Information Management

b.       Master of Science (MSc) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

  1. Accounting
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Management
  4. Marketing    
  5. Office and Information Management
  6. Hansard and Verbatim Reporting

c.       Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

1.       Office and Information Management

9.      FACULTY OF NURSING

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

  1. Mental Health/Psychiatric Nursing
  2. Maternal and Child Health Nursing
  3. Community Health Nursing

b.       Master of Science (MSc) in:

  1. Mental Health/Psychiatric Nursing
  2. Maternal and Child Health Nursing
  3. Community Health Nursing
  4. Medical and Surgical Nursing

10. FACULTY OF PHARMACY

a.   Master of Science (MSc) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

i.      Pharmaceutical & Medicinal Chemistry

ii.     Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice

iii.   Pharmacognosy & Herbal Medicine

11. FACULTY OF SCIENCE

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Chemistry

ii.     Mathematics

b.       Master of Science (MSc) in:

i.      Applied Microbiology

ii.     Environment Biology

iii.   Analytical/Environmental Chemistry

iv.   Inorganic Chemistry

v.     Physical Chemistry

vi.   Organic Chemistry

vii.  Exploration Geophysics 

viii.Industrial Chemistry

ix.   Mathematics

c.       Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

  1. Applied Microbiology
  2. Environment Biology
  3. Analytical/Environmental Chemistry
  4. Inorganic Chemistry
  5. Physical Chemistry
  6. Organic Chemistry
  7. Exploration Geophysics 
  8. Industrial Chemistry
  9. Mathematics

12. FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i.      Economics

ii.     Geography and Environmental Management

iii.   Sociology

b.       Master of Science (MSc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in:

i.      Economics

ii.     Geography and Environmental Management

iii.   Political Science

iv.   Sociology        

13. INSTITUTE FOR NIGER DELTA STUDIES

a.       Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in:

i. Conflict, Peace and Strategic Studies

       b. Master of Science (MSc.)

            i. Conflict, Peace and Strategic Studies

14.   ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

           I.            Postgraduate Diploma (PGD):

The criteria for admission into the PGD programs will be as follows:

  1. All candidates must meet the matriculation requirements
  2. A candidate with at least third class degree in the relevant field from an approved University.
  3. HND holders with a minimum of credit level pass from recognized institutions.

         II.     Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc) and Master of Engineering (M. Eng.).

The criteria for admission to the above programmes will be as follows:

  1. All candidates must meet the matriculation requirements
  2. Candidates with at least second class honours (Lower Division) Bachelors’ Degree from an approved University.
  3. Candidates with a PGD at credit level pass. 

        III.            Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

All candidates must:

  1. Meet matriculation requirements
  2. Possess a Bachelors (Hons) degree from an approved University with a minimum of second class Honours (Lower Division) in the relevant discipline.
  3. Possess Masters Degree with a CGPA of at least 3.50/4.00 on a 5.00-point scale for respective Faculties.

15. APPLICATION /ADDITIONAL ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

  1. Academic transcript of past qualification (PGD, MSc, PhD) with forwarding letter signed by authorized officer of the institution and sent by confidential cover to the Dean, Postgraduate School, Niger Delta University.       

Candidates are advised to write to the school where they graduated for transcript immediately they purchase and submit the form to avoid late submission of transcripts

  1. Two referees, one of which must be an academic referee (Lecturer who taught candidate in former school, Project/ thesis Supervisor, Head of Department, Dean of Faculty
  2. NYSC Discharge Certificate or Exemption/Exclusion Letter.

16.   DURATION:

          FULL-TIME

  1. Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programmes

PGD shall run for a minimum of two semesters and a maximum of four semesters

  1. Masters (MSc) Programmes

Masters programmes shall run for a minimum of four semesters and a maximum of six semesters

  1. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Programmes

Doctor of Philosophy shall be a minimum of six semesters and a maximum of ten semesters.

          PART-TIME

  1. Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programmes

PGD programme shall run for a minimum of four semesters and a maximum of six semesters

  1. Masters (MSc)) Programmes

Masters programmes shall run for a minimum of six semesters and a maximum of eight semesters

  1. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Programmes

Doctor of Philosophy programme shall be a minimum of ten semesters and a maximum of twelve semesters.

17.   APPLICATION PROCEDURE

Purchase Application Form at ndufees.com for the sum of Thirty Thousand Naira (N30,000.00) only. Go to postgraduate.nduportal.com and click on admissions. Then click on application. Enter mobile number and payment receipt number. Fill the form and upload necessary documents. Print out application form.  Please note that the N30,000.00 application fee is not refundable

18.      DURATION OF SALE

Sale and submission of forms begins on Monday 20th May 2019 and ends on September 27, 2019.  The portal would close by 12 mid-night on Friday, September 27, 2019. THERE WOULD BE NO EXTENSION PLEASE.

Signed:

Mrs. Effua Berepubo

Registrar         

Fake Nursing School Uncovered In Ikorodu, Lagos

The National Association of Nigerian Nurses and Midwives (NANNM) says it has uncovered a health training institution operating illegally in Ikorodu area of Lagos State.  

Its Chairman in Lagos Chapter, Mr Olurotimi Awojide, made this known to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) when an investigation team visited the institution, Imperial School of Health Technology.  

NAN reports that the health training school is situated in an uncompleted building at Ita-Oluwo in Ikorodu, a Lagos suburb. Awojide said that the unaccredited institution, Imperial, would “only succeed in producing quacks”.  

He said nursing as a profession could not afford to have quacks in a system dealing with human lives. According to him, this informed the prompt investigation visit to the illegally operated institution.  

“Prompt action has to be taken when the school’s advertisement was seen on the Facebook, claiming to be a health institution offering courses such as Nursing, Midwifery and Health Inspector without accreditation.  

“The association has a list of accredited nursing schools and health institutions in Lagos State; so, it is a surprise when the school paraded itself as a health training institution to the innocent public.  

“Illegal institutions such as this one contribute to the problem of maternal mortality by producing half-baked health workers into the society,” Awojide said. He said after the investigative visit which confirm truly that the school is in existence and functioning, the next step is to close it down.  

“Now that we have confirmed that the school is functioning, the next step is to close down the school. “Then, we can go ahead to prosecute the owner so that it will serve as a deterrent to others that are planning similar thing,” Awojide said. He, however, admonished the students patronising such a school to ensure they enroll in an accredited institution.  

Awojide said that the students needed to know that they have to be registered with NANNM and get licenced to be gainfully employed with good organisations. “Do not waste your time and your parents’ money in this type of institution, if you do not have the necessary prerequisites to be a nurse.  

“It is better to go and study other courses, and not for you to go for this illegal programmes. ”With required five credits and intelligence, because intelligence is needed to know how the human body works, a serious and passionate student will get admission into the state School of Nursing,” he said.  

Reacting,Provost of the School, Mr Simeon Oye-Daniel, who spoke with NAN on telephone, denied operating an illegal health training institution.   Oye-Daniel said that the school was only training health assistants and not nurses. He said that after the two years course, the students would be issued Diploma certificate in Health Assistance.  

The provost said the school had been in existence since 2016, adding that accreditation for its Diploma Certificate was still being processed. A student, who pleaded anonymity, confirmed that the school was offering Nursing, Midwifery and Health Inspector courses.  

“I entered for the two years Diploma course, and we are in our second semester. “l was told that the school is in affiliation with a university in Abeokuta, and I intend to get a Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing here. “We also go for Industrial Training (IT) in some private hospitals,” she said.(NAN)

Bauchi State School of Nursing and Midwifery 2019/2020 Form On Sale

The general public is hereby inform that the Bauchi State College  of Nursing and Midwifery will commence the sales of application forms for admission into Basic Nursing and Basic Midwifery programmes on Monday 24/6/2019 to Friday 2/8/2019.

Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery

 All prospective candidates can purchase the scratch card at FCMB Bauchi opposite Airtel office and FCMB  Azare  Branch along Jama’are road at the cost of Five Thousand Naira (N5,000.00)only.

Prospective candidates should log on the website to fill, download and print the form online.

Prospective candidates wishing to apply must have 5 Credits in the following subjects: English language, Mathematics, Biology, Physics and Chemistry at not more than two (2) sittings in NECO and WAEC. NABTEB is also considered in not more than 2 sittings. Closing date is 19th August, 2019.

All prospective applicants are expected to come to the College on Saturday 3rd August, 2019 for the entrance examination at 8:00am.

They are to come along with their writing materials, Printed/downloaded copy of the completed application forms should be submitted before the date of entrance examination.

Interview for successful candidates will be conducted from 2nd – 14th September, 2019. Both the entrance examination and interview for the 2 programmes will be conducted simultaneously at the College premises.

Signed:

Registrar

College of Nursing and Midwifery

Adamawa State 2019/2020 School of Nursing Form on Sale

School of Nursing form on sale, Nursing schools currently selling application form

Applications are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission Into Basic Nursing programme.

Entry Requirements:

Interested Candidates most have five (5) credits in NECO/WAEC to Include. English Language, Mathematics, Biology. Chemistry & Physics, at not more than two sittings.

Method of Application

Payment for Application form at the rate of Five Thousand Naira (N5,000) only, should be made into the College Account with POLARIS BANK/ZENITH BANK. Thereafter form should be collected at the College on presentation of receipt/Teller from Bank.

All completed forms MUST be returned NOT later than 19th July, 2019

ENTRANCE EXAMINATION 29th July, 2019

VENUE: COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COMPLEX, YOLA

NB: WE DON’T SALE OUR FORMS ONLINE PLEASE 

IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR

(REGISTRAR)

Ghana Nursing and Midwifery Council Warns Public On Fake Facebook Account

The Nursing and Midwifery Council (N&MC) of Ghana on Tuesday warned the public against a fraudulent Facebook page which used its official logo and operated with the name “Nurses and Midwifery Council”.

According to the Council, in an attempt to secure unlawful gain on behalf of the Council the fraudsters have circulated several false correspondences targeted at innocent citizens.

Some of these circulations requested its trainees and practitioners to call some unidentified telephone numbers to transact business on behalf of the Council.

A statement issued in Accra, by the statutory mandated N&MC and copied to the Ghana News Agency, therefore, urged its members and the general public to be careful of the fraudulent Facebook page created in its name.

The statement signed by the Registrar of the Council said the N&MC is working with the appropriate state security agencies to arrest the operators of the fake account and called for cooperation from the public.

“The Registrar and Management of the Council wish to state categorically that the Facebook page operating with our logo and the name Nurses and Midwifery Council is not the official Facebook page of the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Ghana.”

The statement Council cautioned the general public especially nursing and midwifery trainees and practitioners that any information displayed on the Nurses and Midwifery Council Facebook page was not from them, and any person who transacted business with the managers of the page did so at their own risk.

They further cautioned its members and the general public that all announcements and information from the Council would be published on its official website.

Other official social media handles were; Twitter; (NMCGH_Official), Instagram (nmcgh_official), Skype (nmcghana2016) and Emails to; info@nmc.gov.gh for all information about the Council.

Ghana Bans Nurses, Doctors From WhatsApping, Facebooking And Selfie At Work

Ghana Health Service (GHS) as part of measures to instill discipline amongst health care providers in the country has reinforced the ban on the use of social media during working hours by health workers, a regulation which has been in force for more than a year now.

The regulation, however, gives exceptions to conditions where medical officers and practitioners may use the mobile phone gadgets to access information from the Internet that would rather expedite their services.

The ban is also extended to photography and selfie taking at the hospital especially by female workers with all sort of image filters on Whatsapp, Facebook, Instagram, Snap chat among others.

The Deputy Chief Health Service Administrator of the Nkawie-Toase Government Hospital, Mr. Eric Frimpong, who made the confirmation on Otec FM’s ‘Nyansapo’ morning show on Tuesday, June 11, 2019, said the GHS instituted the regulation due to the changing trend of technology use by the medical practitioners, adding, doctors, pharmacists, nurses and security officers are not excluded from the regulation.

The ban on photo taking amongst health personnel, according to Mr. Eric Frimpong, was necessitated after photos of the late musician Ebony Reigns went viral on the social media suspected to have been taken by a mortuary attendant.

Mr. Eric Frimpong’s comments was in response to phone in segment by the public and victims of maltreatment in the hands of health professionals after a family has reported the death of their son due to the negligence and lack of beds at the Manhyia Government Hospital in Kumasi.

He intimated that ”the regulation has been in force for more than a year now and it is to sanitize the system. Those found culpable can be dismissed or charged with professional negligence. Every health practitioner is aware of the new regulations because it is a directive from the Director General of Ghana Health Service.”

However, he insisted that health professionals have the right to use their mobile phones to access information from the internet for information that would support their health care deliveries and for other emergency calls.

The Deputy Chief Health Service Administrator implored Ghanaians especially patients to volunteer information of misconduct among health care professionals to managers of health facilities to institute punitive measures rather than rushing to the media with the same complaints.

“There are senior nurse officers, health administrators, securities and senior officers at the hospitals who can attend to you whenever there is misconduct or disrespectfulness from a nurse. Don’t hesitate to take report medical officers who would be taking selfies or fidgeting with their phones especially when you need their services,” he explained.

Most Ghanaians who access healthcare deliveries in most hospitals in the country always complain of poor healthcare services and more patients have lost their lives in the process, a situation Ghanaians want to see action from the appropriate government institutions.
Source: Modern Ghana

Shortage of Nurses Hit Philippines, Country Plans To Stop Sending Nurses Abroad

The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) is planning to decrease the deployment of nurses to other countries, Secretary Silvestre Bello said on Wednesday.

Bello said they are looking at the possibility of lessening the number of medical professionals, including nurses, being sent overseas.

“We slowed down the deployment of construction workers earlier. Now, we want to include our nurses,” he said in an interview during the 2019 Kalayaan Job Fair in Manila.

“There could be a slowdown in the deployment of nurses because we also need our nurses, especially senior citizens,” he added.

Bello noted that he is contemplating on the plan after a dialogue with the Philippine Nurses Association (PNA), who sought his assistance to address the shortage of nurses in the country.

“All the while, I thought there is an oversupply of nurses. But I just learned that those graduating with nursing degrees and have passed the Board only train for two years and will go (abroad),” he added.

Bello said the government should do something by increasing the salaries of nurses for them to stay in the country.

“In order for them to not want to work abroad and just stay here, we should also consider increasing their salaries. And the President appears amenable to giving them that,” he said.

The DOLE chief said the salary increase for nurses would be discussed with the Department of Budget and Management.

Filipino nurses are in demand in countries in Europe, the Middle East, among others.

Early this year, the government has implemented a slowdown in sending construction workers to other countries, by as much as 90 percent due to the reported manpower shortage in the local construction industry stemming from the “Build, Build, Build” program in 75 projects.

Under the BBB program, the government is set to construct roads, bridges, airport, railways among others, covering 2017 to 2022, with a total budget of PHP8 trillion. (PNA)

Hospitals Recruiting Foreign Nurses 2019

Job Reference: 415-AJ19-161ND

Employer: Northern Devon Healthcare Trust Department: Various Location: Barnstaple Salary: £21,089 – £23,761 per annum pro rata


Northern Devon Healthcare Trust can offer you excellent support to enable you to become the nurse you aspire to be. We are looking for nurses who have passed the International English Language Test (IELTS) or have passed the OET (Occupational English Test) with Grade B across all 4 modules and have also successfully completed Part 1 of the NMC Test of Competence (CBT). You should also be in receipt of your NMC decision letter.

What we offer?

We have a dedicated Overseas Nursing lead that will support you to pass your exam. We offer a blended learning approach which means you will have one to one support, dedicated study time, learn alongside your peers and consolidate your skills on the ward. The programme will fully prepare you to undertake the NMC OSCE and prepare you for employment as a Band 5 Registered Nurse in a range of clinical areas across the Hospital.

It includes:

– A thorough theoretical and practical induction to Northern Devon healthcare Trust and your clinical area

– a period of supervised practice in your clinical area, supported by a mentor, supplemented with study time release for OSCE preparation sessions – these practical sessions are based on the NMC competencies that you will be tested against at the testing centre

– A period of Preceptorship following your registration with the NMC

– Trust funding for your first and second OSCE attempt

During the programme you will function and be paid as a Band 4 Transition Nurse. Continued employment with the Trust following completion of the programme will be dependent on gaining NMC registration to be able to practice as a Band 5 Registered Nurse.

You will use the skills, knowledge experience gained as a Registered Nurse overseas in preparation for becoming a Registered Nurse in the UK by undertaking a range of clinical nursing duties and training under the direct supervision of a Registered Nurse until confirmation of entry to the NMC register is confirmed by the Trust.

What we require from you:

Due to the nature of the training programme, we can only accept applications from nurses that are able to work at least 30 hours per week. Full time hours (37.5 hours per week) will be preferred. Applicants must hold a valid IELTS/OET and CBT certificate, a nursing qualification and current overseas registration and have at least one year’s experience in the country where the qualification was obtained and also a NMC decision letter.

To indicate your interest to our Hospital, please submit an on-line application; in the supporting information please ensure that you include a summary of the stage of your NMC overseas registration application along with your result of your English Language test.

Closing Date – 31/05/2019


Our values guide everything we do. At all times, we aim to:

  • Demonstrate compassion
  • Strive for excellence
  • Respect diversity
  • Act with integrity
  • Listen and support others

Our teams of care professionals work with patients and their families to support peoples’ independence, health and wellbeing. We provide support to avoid hospital admissions, and if an admission is necessary, we try to make each patient’s stay in hospital as short and effective as possible before working with them on a safe discharge home.

In our most recent staff survey, our staff voted us in the top 10% of NHS provider organisations to work for and we also came out as the top provider in the South West for our overall results. Our patients (through the Friends and Family Test) regularly report an average of over 95% satisfaction with our services.

Applications from job seekers who require Tier 2 sponsorship to work in the UK are welcome and will be considered alongside all other applications. However, non-EEA candidates may not be appointed to a post if a suitably qualified, experienced and skilled EU/EEA candidate is available to take up the post as the employing body is unlikely, in these circumstances, to satisfy the Resident Labour Market Test. For further information and to self-assess the likelihood of obtaining a Certificate of Sponsorship, please visit the UK Border Agency website. Note: we will be unable to obtain Tier 2 sponsorship for Bank positions.

Please note that we may close this vacancy early if we receive a high volume of applicants.

To apply for this job go to https://www.jobs.nhs.uk/xi/vacancy/?vac_ref=915560443

Lagos Arraigns Doctor, Wife For Fixing Plaster of Paris Too Tight on Patient

The Lagos State government yesterday arraigned the medical director of Excel Medical Centre in Dolphin Estate, Ikoyi, and his doctor wife before a Lagos High Court, Igbosere on a three-count charge of causing grievous harm, recklessness and negligence.

The suspects are Dr. Ejike Ferdinand Orji and Dr. (Mrs) Ifeayinwa Grace Orji. They were arraigned before Justice Babatunde Sunmonu by prosecutor, Babatunde Sunmonu. Upon arraignment, the respondents pleaded not guilty to the charge. Following their plea, the prosecutor asked the court for a trial date and that the accused be remanded in prison custody pending their trial.

They were not orthopaedic specialists but fixed Plaster of Paris (POP) cast too tightly on patient’s leg.

However, counsel to the defendants, Mr. K.C. Okho, told the court that he has a bail application and that the prosecutor has been served. He appealed to the court to allow him move same. After arguments on the bail application by parties, Justice Akintoye granted them bail in the sum of N500,000 with two sureties. Justice Akintoye adjourned the matter till Monday, June 3, for further direction.

In the three counts charge, Orji and his wife were alleged to have on or about July 26, 2018 at Excel Medical Centre, Plot 458, Corporate Drive, Dolphin Estate, Ikoyi, caused one Somtochukwu Ezi-Ashi (male) grievous harm by fixing a Plaster of Paris (POP) cast too tightly on his leg.

The accused director and his wife were also alleged to have at the same time not being an orthopaedic specialists recklessly administered orthopaedic treatment to Ezi-Ashi. Count three of the charge alleged that the defendant at their medical centre were negligent in administering treatment on Ezi-Ashi, thereby causing him harm to his leg.The offence committed is said to be contrary to section 251 (1) (c) of the criminal code C17 Volume 3 Laws of Lagos State , 2015.

Source:Guardian Newspaper