THEORISTS AND THEORIES ABOUT NURSING AND HEALTH

> There are different nursing theories and health theories to help us explain the phenomena we are experiencing in health.

> Since Nursing knowledge is the inclusive total of the philosophies, theories, research, and practice wisdom of the discipline, these theories define what nursing is or what sets it apart from different professions.

> Below is a shortlist of different health and nursing theories;

1 Abraham Maslow

2 Adolf Meyer

3 Alfred Adler

4 Anne Boykin & Savina Schoenhofer

5 Betty Neuman

6 Carl Jung

7 Dorothea Orem

8 Dorothy Johnson

9 Erik Erikson

10 Ernestine Wiedenbach

11 Faye Abdellah

12 Florence Nightingale

13 Galen

14 Harry Stack Sullivan

15 Hildegard Peplau

16 Ida Jean Orlando

17 Imogene King

18 Jean Piaget

19 Jean Watson

20 Lawrence Kohlberg

21 Madeleine Leininger

22 Margaret Newman

23 Martha Rogers

24 Myra Levine

25 Sigmund Freud

26 Sister Calista Roy

27 Virginia Henderson

1. ABRAHAM MASLOW

• Hierarchy of Needs

• Physiologic Needs: breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion.

• Safety Needs: security of: body, employment, resources, morality, family, health, property.

• Love and Belonging Needs: friendship, sexual intimacy, family

• Esteem Needs: self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others

• Self-actualization Needs: morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts.

2. ADOLF MEYER

• Believes in totality of man or the holistic approach to man.

• Patients could best be understood through consideration of their life situations.

3. ALFRED ADLER

• Superiority and inferiority complex and birth order.

• He emphasized that one’s birth order as having an influence on the style of life and the strengths and weaknesses in one’s psychological make-up.

4. Anne Boykin & Savina Schoenhofer

• All persons are caring and nursing is a response to unique social call.

5. BETTY NEUMAN

• She developed the Health Care Systems Model.

• Nursing is concerned with all the variables affecting an individual’s response to stress, which are interpersonal, intrapersonal and extrapersonal in nature.

6. CARL JUNG

• Introversion and extroversion–persona

7. DOROTHEA OREM

• Developed self-care, self-care deficit and nursing systems theory.

• Nurses have to supply care when the patients cannot provide care to themselves.

• By measuring the clients deficit relative to self care needs.

8. DOROTHY JOHNSON

• Conceptualized the Behavioral Systems Model.

• Each person is composed of 7 subsystems namely: ingestive, eliminative, affiliative, aggressive, dependence, achievement and sexual.

• She also stated that nursing was “concerned with man as an integrated whole and this is the specific knowledge of order we require”.

9. ERIK ERIKSON

• Psychosocial development of man.

• Trust vs Mistrust, Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt, Initiative vs Guilt, Industry vs Inferiority, Identity vs Role Confusion, Intimacy vs Isolation, Generativity vs Stagnation, Ego Integrity vs Despair.

10. ERNESTINE WIEDENBACH

• Nurse’s individual philosophy lends credence to nursing care.

• Wiedenbach believed that there were 4 main elements to clinical nursing. They included: a philosophy, a purpose, a practice and the art.

11. FAYE ABDELLAH

• Defined nursing as a service to individuals and families, therefore to society.

• Identified 21 nursing problems;

> To promote good hygiene and physical comfort

> To promote optimal activity, exercise, rest, and sleep

> To promote safety through prevention of accidents, injury, or other trauma and through the prevention of the spread of infection

> To maintain good body mechanics and prevent and correct deformities

> To facilitate the maintenance of a supply of oxygen to all body cells

> To facilitate the maintenance of nutrition of all body cells

> To facilitate the maintenance of elimination

> To facilitate the maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance

> To recognize the physiologic responses of the body to disease conditions

> To facilitate the maintenance of regulatory mechanisms and functions

> To facilitate the maintenance of sensory function

> To identify and accept positive and negative expressions, feelings, and reactions

> To identify and accept the interrelatedness of emotions and organic illness

> To facilitate the maintenance of effective verbal and nonverbal communication

> To promote the development of productive interpersonal relationships

> To facilitate progress toward achievement of personal spiritual goals

> To create and maintain a therapeutic environment

> To facilitate awareness of self as an individual with varying physical, emotional, and developmental needs

> To accept the optimum possible goals in light of physical and emotional limitations

> To use community resources as an aid in resolving problems arising from illness

> To understand the role of social problems as influencing factors in the cause of illness

12. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE

• Environmental Theory.

• Focused on manipulating the environment for the patient’s recovery.

> Pure or fresh air

> Pure water

> Sufficient food supplies

> Efficient drainage

> Cleanliness

> Light (especially direct sunlight)

13. GALEN

• Four temperaments

> sanguine personality is fairly extroverted.

> melancholic is a person who is a thoughtful ponderer.

> phlegmatic tends to be self-content and kind.

> choleric is a do-er.

14. HARRY STACK SULLIVAN

• Interpersonal theory and anxiety occurs due to poor interpersonal relationship.

15. HILDEGARD PEPLAU

• Interpersonal model. Nursing is an interpersonal process of therapeutic interactions between the sick and the nurse

16. IDA JEAN ORLANDO

• Believed that nurses can help patients meet a perceived need that they cannot meet themselves.

• Nursing Process theory.

17. IMOGENE KING

• Goal attainment theory

• Nursing is a helping profession

18. JEAN PIAGET

• Cognitive development theory

• Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations

19. JEAN WATSON

• Human Caring Model.

• Nursing is the application of the art and human science through transpersonal caring.

20. LAWRENCE KOHLBERG

• Three (3) levels of moral development:

> Premoral or preconventional

> Conventional level

> Postconventional level

21. MADELEINE LEININGER

• Transcultural nursing.

• Nursing is a humanistic and scientific mode of helping a client through specific cultural caring process.

22. MARGARET NEWMAN

• Health as expanding consciousness.

• Humans are unitary beings in whom disease is a manifestation of the pattern of health.

23. MARTHA ROGERS

• Science of Unitary Human Beings.

• Human beings are more than and different from the sum of their parts.

24. MYRA LEVINE

• Four conservation principles:

> Conservation of energy,

> Structural integrity,

> Personal integrity and

> Social integrity

25. SIGMUND FREUD

• Psychosexual theory and Psychoanalytic Theory

26. SISTER CALISTA ROY

• Adaptation model.

• Each person is a unified biopsychosocial  system in constant interaction with changing environment.

27. VIRGINIA HENDERSON

• Identified 14 basic needs.

• Nurse functions to assist clients in performing activities contributing to health, recovery, or peaceful death.

 

Those interested can take a giveaway article on Nightingale using this link http://file.scirp.org/pdf/OALibJ_2016071910161637.pdf

University Of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital (Unimedth), Vacancies for Nursing Officers

University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Ondo State, is a newly established tertiary health institution with accreditation for Postgraduate training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orthopaedics and Surgery, Family Medicine, Radiology and Anaesthesia.

Pursuant to the establishment of the University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital (UNIMEDTH), the Teaching Hospital is embarking on recruitment exercise of clinical and non-clinical personnel from Ondo State Hospitals’ Management Board/Civil Service. Applications are hereby invited from suitably qualified candidates for the under-listed positions:

NURSING OFFICERS
Applicants must possess the RN, RM or both or B.NSc or BSc Nursing registrable with Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria. Applicants must possess the current professional practicing license.

Vacant positions are open for nurses with post basic qualifications in ENT, Accident and Emergency, Ophthalmology, Paediatrics, Orthopaedics, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Nephrology, Burns and Plastic, Perioperative Nursing, Public Health Nursing, I.C.U, and Anaesthesia.

 

METHOD OF APPLICATION

Candidates for both clinical and non-clinical are requested to:
i. Submit 5 copies of their applications, resume, photocopies of ALL applicable credentials with 2 passport digital photographs.
ii. NYSC Discharge certificate or Exemption letter are to be included where relevant.
iii. Confidential reports from the applicants Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAS) to support their applications. This should be submitted in a sealed envelope to accompany their applications.
iv. Write their Names and Post applied for on their Application Envelope e.g. Consultant NO 1, Administrative Officer NO 32.
v. Submit within two (2) weeks of dates of this advertisement to the Acting Director of Administration, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Complex (UNIMEDTHC), Medical Village, Laje Road, Ondo or Head of Administration, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital (UNIMEDTHC) Akure.

Notes:
(a) Salary and wages will be in line with what is obtainable in other government Teaching Hospitals in Nigeria.
(b) Terms and conditions of service in Ondo State public service applies.
(c) QUALIFIED APPLICANTS WHO ARE ALREADY ON PENSIONABLE APPOINTMENT IN THE ONDO STATE SERVICE WILL HAVE THEIR APPOINTMENTS REGULARIZED ACCORDINGLY.
Signed:
Wale Omomowo
Ag. Director of Administration UNIMEDTHC

UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES TEACHING HOSPITAL (UNIMEDTH) ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
APPLICATION FORM FOR APPOINTMENT
FOR OFFICIAL USE
Application No:…………………….…………………
Date Registered: …………….………………………
POST APPLIED FOR WITH NO (as indicated on advert e.g. Consultant (1): Nurse (6): ……………………………………………………..………………………………………………
SECTION A
PERSONAL DETAILS OF APPLICANT
Name in full (Surname first in Block Letter)
Dr./Mr./Miss: ………………………….……………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….…
NATIONALITY
STATE OF ORIGIN
LOCAL GOVT AREA
HOME PLACE
PLACE OF BIRTH
DATE OF BIRTH/AGE
Marital Status:……………………………….…………………………………………………
No of children: ……………………………………….………………………………………..
Contact Address: ………………………………………………..……………………………
……………………………………………………………..……………………………………
Current MDA and Office Address: ……………………………………….…………………
……………………………………………………………..……………………………………
Current Cadre and Grade Level …………………………….……………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
File No: ………………….………………… CS NO:……………………………………….
Date of First Appointment: ………………………………………………….……………….
Date of Last Promotion: ……………………………………………………………………..
Expected Date of Retirement: ……………………………………………………………….
Professional License No: ……………………………………………………………………
Mobile Number: ………………………………………………………………………………
Email Address: ………………………………………………………….…………………….
a. Educational Qualifications/Area of Specialisations (with dates)
i. ………………………………………………………………………………………
ii. ………………………………………………………………………………………
iii. ………………………………………….…………………………….……….……
iv. ………………………………………………………………………………………
v. ………………………………………………………………………………………
vi. ………………………………………………………………………………………
b. Professional Qualifications (with dates)
i. …………………………………………………………………………………….
ii. …………………………………………………………………………………….
iii. …………………………………………………………………………………….
iv. ……………………………………………………………………………….…….
v. ………………………………………………………………………………………
c. Working Experience:
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
d. MDA report: Did you receive query or under any disciplinary measure in the last one year? Yes or No. If Yes,, kindly give details ….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Signature of Applicant & Date
Note: Please attach all relevant documents to this application.
CONFIDENTIAL REPORT
(To be completed by Applicant’s present Head of Department)
Persons to whom this form is presented for completion are requested to provide full answer to the following questions. Separate covering letters are not required but kindly apply official stamp.
(i). Name of Applicant: ……………………………………………………………………
(ii). For how long has the applicant been in your Ministry, Department and Agency (MDA)? ………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) Has the applicant received query or under any disciplinary measure in the last one year? Yes or No. If Yes, kindly give details. ..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………
(iii). State Special ability to your knowledge demonstrated by the applicant for the post desired ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv). State applicant’s qualities of character in your opinion essential for the post desired……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(v). State any other information about the applicant which can help the hospital decide his/her suitability ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Name of Head of Department……………………………………………………………..
Address:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Rank/Profession:……………………………… …………………………………
Date: ………………………………….Phone No……………………………………………

Nursing Trainees’ Quota System in Ghana Officially Starts

The government via the Ministry of Health has introduced the quota admission system for nursing trainee schools, MyNewsGH.com can report.

 

The government has said the move is to help improve the quality of nurses in the country, according to the Ministry of Health.

 

The Ministry believes this will allow training institutions to produce quality nurses to meet the demands of the health sector, thus reducing unemployment.

 

This new directive means public and private institutions accredited to train nurses in the country will reduce their intake by almost 2000 nurses for the 2018/2019 academic year.

 

The Public Relations Officer of the Health Ministry, Robert Cudjoe, had earlier explained that the impact of the quota system will have on the nursing training schools will reduce pressure on the system.

 

“Some schools that were taking less last year are taking more and some that were taking more are now taking less simply because we did an analysis and came to the conclusion that some schools don’t have the facilities to admit the number that they have been recruiting and that is compromising quality.”

 

“As a nation, we don’t only have to train more health professionals but also look at the quality aspect so these measures are going to address some of these key issues.”

 

The Ghana Registered Nurses and Midwives Association has also thrown its weight behind the quotas despite the concerns that this will result in a shortage of nurses nationwide.

 

The President of the Association, Kwaku Asante Krobea speaking on our sister media outlet Citi FM in 2017 said that his outfit was “consulted and we gave an endorsement of it because we felt it was good enough.”

 

“It had become clear that the training institutions don’t have the capacity to cater for the large numbers they were admitting, “because of pressure from candidates that were putting in applications and also from other stakeholder institutions.”

 

This, in turn, compromised the quality of the nurses churned out, Mr. Asante Krobea added.

 

“We had situations where some individulas had completed the training but they lacked the condifences to confront the situations before them. Yes indeed, the quanitity matters to us but the quality was compromised.”

Requirements for Opening a Maternity Home by Nurses

Private Hospital Registration Law No. 30 of 1983 and the Private Hospital (Governing Conditions for the Operations of) Regulations 1996.

 

*Definition:* Premises where obstetric and gynecological services are provided including ante-natal, delivery and post-natal care, with bed care and nursing service.

 

*Minimum Basic Facilities:*

 

1. Out-Patient

 

1)     Waiting/ reception area 4 x 3 meters – with sitting facilities, registration table and record keeping facilities

2)     Consulting room of 4 x 3 meters with examination couch equipment for physical examination, wash hand basin and towels

3)     Treatment room with drug of 4 x 3 meters/ instrument cabinet, wash hand basin, towels

1)     Small operating theatre (Optional) not less than 4 x 3 meters for minor surgery needing local anaesthesia only

4)     Observation room with not more than 2 beds (Optional) and a minimum distance of 1 x 3 meters between 2 beds

5)     Facilities for basic diagnostic investigations (e.g sideroom laboratory) for urine,  blood and stool tests (Optional)

6)     Public health facilities shall include – Adequate ventilation, adequate illumination, clean and adequate water supply, pipe borne/treated borehole, tank water, toilet facilities (W.C.) exclusive to the clinic. Adequate arrangement for refuse collection and disposals and upkeep of premises.

7)     Other services – Ambulance (Optional), fire extinguisher

 

2. In-Patient

 

a)     Lying in ward with minimum distance of one meter between two adjoining beds or 1 x 3 meters between two rows of beds

b)     First stage labor room of 12 sq meters with necessary equipment

c)      Couch, wash hand basin, placenta receiver, baby resuscitation machine, mucous extractor, suction pump, weighing pump, weighing scale, etc

d)     Sluice room

e)     Isolation room

f)      Provision of D.D.A cupboard

g)     Dispensing room of 12 sq. meters with dispensing facilities

h)     A store

 

 

 

3. Diagnostic facilities

 

1)     Facilities for basic diagnostic investigations. There shall be evidence of an arrangement with approved laboratory and X-ray centre for the other specialized investigations (Where applicable)

2)     Provision of minimum equipment for running a maternity centre such as oxygen cylinders, sterilizers and other suitable equipment.

 

4. Public health facilities shall include:

 

–        Staff Room

–        Adequate ventilation

–        Adequate illumination

–        Adequate water supply

–        Adequate drainage

–        Adequate toilet and bath facilities – one water closet and one bath per 8 beds

–        Adequate arrangement for refuse collection and disposal of upkeep and premises

 

5. Other services:

 

–        Kitchen (Optional)

–        Laundry service – Evidence of established adequate arrangement

–        Sterilization of equipment

–        Fire Extinguisher

–        Ambulance (Mandatory)

 

 

 

*PART B*

 

Minimum professional Staff complements:

 

a)     A specialist obstetrician and gynaecologist or a medical practitioner registered to practice in Nigeria with at least 5 years relevant obstetric post-qualification experience for sessional supervision and available for emergencies

b)     One registered staff midwife or staff nurse/ midwife per 8 in-patient beds per shift

c)      One registered midwife with a minimum of 5 years post-registration in charge of nursing services

d)     A trained Community Health Aide per 5 in-patients

e)     One clerk/ receptionist

In addition to this, you are required to:

1. Purchase an application form and a brochure containing Government approved regulations

2. Have, on display, State’s Emblem of registration.

3. Ensure your practicing license is updated.

ISQua Fellowship: International Society for Quality in Health Care 2018 Fellowship Scholarship

ISQua offers scholarships to individuals who are both born and working in countries of economic transition whose work and region can benefit from their participation on the ISQua Fellowship Programme. Priority will be given to healthcare professionals and healthcare academics who are in the early phase in their careers and whose organisations are considered least able to afford such an opportunity.

Candidates will be considered from Lower Income (LI) and Lower Middle Income (LMI) countries based on the WHO and World Bank ratings. The aim is to have representation from all WHO Regions, dependant on range of applications received and the set criteria.

• African Region
• European Region
• Eastern Mediterranean Region
• Region of the Americas
• South-East Asia Region
• Western Pacific Region

Criteria for applicants

To qualify for the ISQua Education Scholarship applicants must:
• Have been born in and currently work in LI or LMI country and supply documentation to support this;
• Not have received an ISQua Scholarship (Education or Conference) in the past; and
• Be able to demonstrate the potential benefit to their work and region from participation in the ISQua Fellowship Programme.
• Not be a current ISQua Fellow or ISQua Member.

Application Process

The call for applications opens on 2 July 2018 and closes on 10 August 2018.

The scholarship covers:
• Course fees for the ISQua Membership and Fellowship package

The scholarship does not cover:
• Annual maintenance fees after graduation
• Any other costs incurred to access the programme

Application Procedure:

Applicants are required to:
• Complete an on-line application form which will require details the applicant’s education and career to date as well as a written submission of no more than 500 words on the potential benefits of their participation in the Fellowship Programme.
• Applicants are asked to send the first page of their passport and a letter from their current employer on headed paper showing that they are currently employed in a qualifying country. This must be sent to cusher@isqua.org after the application has been submitted.  If this is not received, the application will not be considered.  ISQua will not follow up with applicants to remind them of this requirement.
• Applications will be assessed by a committee.
• All applicants will be notified via an e-mail on the status of their application.
• Successful applicants will be given 10 working days to accept the offer and must enrol within 3 months.</

To apply click https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/XDMHT85

Mufulira School of Nursing 2019 Admission form on Sale

Mufulira School of  Nursing Zambia is one of the foremost accredited Nursing Schools in Zambia.  Application for the 2019 admission into nursing course would soon be out and will be posted here.  You can check back as we update this post as soon as the application form becomes available.

Ndola School of Nursing 2019 Admission form on Sale

Ndola  School of  Nursing Zambia is one of the foremost accredited Nursing Schools in Zambia.  Application for the 2019 admission into nursing course would soon be out and will be posted here.  You can check back as we update this post as soon as the application form becomes available.

Chipata School of Nursing 2019 Admission form on Sale

Chipata School of  Nursing Zambia is one of the foremost accredited Nursing Schools in Zambia.  Application for the 2019 admission into nursing course would soon be out and will be posted here.  You can check back as we update this post as soon as the application form becomes available.

Mansa School of Nursing 2018 Admission Form on Sale

Mansa School of  Nursing Zambia is one of the foremost accredited Nursing Schools in Zambia.  Application for the 2019 admission into nursing course would soon be out and will be posted here.  You can check back as we update this post as soon as the application form becomes available.

Living Stone School of Nursing 2019 Admission Form on Sale

Livingstone School of  Nursing Zambia is one of the foremost accredited Nursing Schools in Zambia.  Application for the 2019 admission into nursing course would soon be out and will be posted here.  You can check back as we update this post as soon as the application form becomes available.