Eden University Zambia Direct Entry Diploma in Nursing for January 2019 Intake

Eden University Zambia is accepting application for the following courses:

Diploma in Nursing Pharmacy

Diploma in Environmental Health

Diploma in Clinical Medicine

Bachelor Degree in Clinical Medicine

For admission details check the flyer below

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for application forms call or whatsapp 0973395067.

Resalu College of Nursing 2019 Admission Application

BE PART PART OF THE SOLUTION

Resalu Students were in Kafue on Friday, 2nd November, 2018 for an EDUCATIONAL TOUR…(INDUSTRIAL VISIT)
What a Great Day it was!!!

Resalu College, School of Nursing, is fully registered by The General Nursing Council of Zambia (GNC). Currently, it is enrolling for 2019 January Intake and you are welcome.

Interested late applicants can whatsApp their; Full Names, NRC/Passport Number, G12 Result-grades to Resalu College Director on: +260962798345.
We are on Plot No. 68E/225/68, MUMBWA ROAD, ROSEDALE, LUSAKA WEST.

WE SEE BEYOND YOUR IMAGINATION

KMTC March 2019 Application Intake Application Forms

The Kenya Medical Training College applications for qualified candidates for admission into Medical Courses for the academic year 2018/2019 as Regular trainees in our 68 campuses situated in different parts of the country will open soon. The successful candidates will join the college in March 2019. All applications shall be made ONLINE with an application fee of Ksh. 2022 payable via MPESA pay bill No. 964150 following the procedure outlined on the KMTC website (www.kmtc.ac.ke). Should you require any clarification concerning the application process please call any of the following numbers 0736993813, 0736212060, 0723000429, 0723004569, 0723004516 or send an enquiry email to admissions@kmtc.ac.ke. You can also get help on the application process from the nearest KMTC campus. Course duration: Certificate Courses: 2 Years except for Community Health Nursing which takes 2 1/2 years Course duration: Diploma Courses: 3 Years except for Community Health Nursing which takes 3 1/2 years Mean Grade: Diploma Courses C (Plain) and above, Certificate courses a C- (Minus) and above then specific cluster subjects as described for each course below: NO COURSES SPECIFIC MINIMUM ENTRY REQUIREMENTS 1. BASIC DIPLOMA COURSES
1 Diploma in Nutrition & Dietetics
 C in English or Kiswahili and C- in Biology/Biological Sciences  D+ in Chemistry/Physical Sciences  D+ in any one of the following: Home Science, Agriculture, Mathematics, Physics, General Science
2
Diploma in Health Records and Information Technology
 C in English or Kiswahili and Mathematics  C- in Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in any one of the following: Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry, computer studies
3
Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Surgery
 C in English or Kiswahili, and C in Biology/Biological Science, and C in Chemistry/Physical Science  C- in any one of the following: Mathematics, Physics/Physical Sciences
4
Diploma in Community Oral Health
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in any two of the following: Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry, Mathematics
5
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Sciences
C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences and Chemistry/Physical Sciences  C in any one of the following: – Physics/Physical Sciences, Mathematics
6 Diploma in Occupational Therapy
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in any two of the following: – Physics/ Physical Science, Chemistry, Mathematics, Agriculture, Home Science
7
Diploma in Orthopaedic Technology
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology and Physics/Physical Science or Mathematics  C- in any one of the following: – Physics/Physical Science, Mathematics, Chemistry, Woodwork, Metal Work, Technical Drawing.
8 Diploma in Physiotherapy
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology  C- in any two of the following: -Chemistry , Physics/ Physical Science or Mathematics
9 Diploma in Medical Engineering
 C in English or Kiswahili and Mathematics and Physics/Physical Sciences  C- in any one of the following: – Biology/Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Electricity, Metal Work, Technical Drawing
10
Diploma in Environmental Health Sciences
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in Mathematics and any one of the following: Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry
11 Diploma in Dental Technology
 C in English or Kiswahili and Physics/Physical Science or Chemistry  C- Biology/Biological Sciences and in any one of the following: Metal Work, Physics/ Physical Science, Chemistry, Mathematics
12
Diploma in Orthopedic & Trauma Medicine
 C in English or Kiswahili, C in Biology/Biological Sciences and Mathematics or Physics/Physical Sciences  C- in any one of the following: Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry,
Mathematics, Home Science, Agriculture.
13 Diploma in Health Promotion
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in any one of the following: Mathematics, Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry
14 Diploma in Medical Social Work
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences.  C- in any two of the following: Chemistry or Physics/Physical Science or Mathematics, Home Science, Agriculture
15
Diploma in Medical Imaging Sciences
 C in English or Kiswahili and Physics/Physical Science and Biology/Biological Sciences  C- in any one of the following: – Mathematics or Chemistry
16
Diploma in Optometry
 C in English or Kiswahili and Mathematics.  C- in the following: – Biology/ Biological Sciences, Physics/Physical Sciences
17
Diploma in Community Health Nursing
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences.  C- in any one of the following: Chemistry or Physics/Physical Science or Mathematics
18
Diploma in Registered Nursing, Mental Health & Psychiatry
 C in English or Kiswahili and Biology/Biological Sciences.  C- in any one of the following: Chemistry or Physics/Physical Science or Mathematics
19 Diploma in Pharmacy
 C in English or Kiswahili and Chemistry or Physical Science and Biology or Biological Science  C in any one of the following: – Physics or Mathematics
2. CERTIFICATE COURSES
1
Certificate in Health Records and Information Technology
 C- in English or Kiswahili and D+ in Biology/ Biological Sciences  D+ in any one of the following: Mathematics, Physics, Physical Science, Chemistry, General Science, Computer Studies , Agriculture ,Home Science
2
Certificate in Nutrition & Dietetics
 C- in English or Kiswahili and Biology /Biological Sciences  D in Chemistry / Physical Science  D in any one of the following: Home Science, Physics, Agriculture, Mathematics, General Science
3
Certificate in Medical Engineering
 C- In English or Kiswahili, D in Mathematics and D in Physics/Physical Sciences. or Chemistry  D in any one of the following: – Chemistry, Biology, Biological Science, Electricity, Metal Work, Technical Drawing.
4
Certificate in Orthopaedic Plaster Technology
 C- In English or Kiswahili, and C- in Biology/ Biological Sciences  D+ in Mathematics and in any one of the following:, Physics/Physical Science, Chemistry, Woodwork, Metal work, Technical Drawing, Home Science, Agriculture
5
Certificate in Environmental Health Sciences
 C- in English or Kiswahili  C- in Biology/Biological Sciences and D in Mathematics  D in any two of the following: Home Science, Physics, Chemistry, Agriculture, Building Construction, Technical Drawing, Electricity and Wood Work
6
Certificate in Health Promotion for the Deaf (CHPD) Deaf students only
 hearing and talking students are excluded  MEAN GRADE D+ and *English or Kenya Sign Language – D+,  *Biology D,  *D in any one of the following- Mathematics,, Chemistry, General Science or Agriculture. Successful Candidates will sent to train in any of our 68 campuses where the courses are being offered FOLLOW THE APPLICATION GUIDELINES ON THE WEBSITE (Website i.e. www.kmtc.ac.ke) PROF. MICHEAL K. KIPTOO DIRECTOR/CEO

KMTC Courses and Qualifications and Application Form 2019/2020 March Intake

KMTC is currently accepting applications for the March 2019 intake for all categories. The School runs certificates, diploma and Higher National Diploma courses. Below is the list of courses and their requirements.

 

Certificate courses
Certificate courses take two years with the exception of nursing which takes two and a half years. A minimum aggregate of C- with relevant combination of other subjects is a requirement.

Diploma Courses:
KCSE mean grade of C (or equivalent) with relevant combination of other subjects such as English, Kiswahili, Biology, Biological Sciences, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Physical Sciences.

Duration
3 years except Community Health Nursing which lasts 3 ½ years.

Post Basic Diploma courses
Holders of basic diploma in relevant fields and at least a minimum of two years working experience.

Short Courses:
Individuals and groups such as corporate bodies, companies and government ministries interested in any course or courses can make a written request for arrangements to be made.

Training Categories: We have fulltime and part time trainees enrolled in various courses each year as in-service and Pre-service

Application Procedure for certificate and self sponsored

Applications:
Duly completed application forms are filled by prospective candidates for admission into Courses for each academic year for Regular or Parallel Category. The Regular category have subsidized fee with optional accommodation but no choice for Campus while the parallel category have non subsidized fee, no accommodation option but have option for Campuses in more than Forty one (41) campuses situated in different parts of the country depending on the courses.

Procedure:

  • Prospective candidates are expected to submit a duly completed application form which can be obtained from the KMTC website, KMTC face book and KMTC campuses across the country.
  • Candidates are advised to attach legible Photostat copies of academic certificates; school leaving certificate and national identity card/birth certificate.
  • Applications must be accompanied by a non-refundable fee of KShs.2, 000 OR US$50 for non-Kenyans in the form of Banker’s Cheque or National bank deposit slip. Application fee does not guarantee admission.
  • Candidates should provide reliable and permanent mailing address with postal codes for any future contact. Those near Nairobi may hand deliver the completed application forms to KMTC Headquarters’ offices.

Applications should be sent to the following address:

The Director
KMTC
P.O. Box 30195 – 00100
Nairobi

 

KMTC Courses Offered

Basic Diploma in Environmental Health Sciences

Minimum entry requirements:

A minimum pass of C (plain) with C (plain) in English or Kiswahili or C (plain) in any three Sciences.
Course Duration: Three (3 )years on full time basis.
Where course is offered: Nairobi, Nyeri, Msambweni, Kisumu, Embu, Nakuru, Machakos Kabarnet, Kakamega and Kitui

Post-Basic Diploma in Food Science and Inspection

Course Duration: one (1) academic year on full time basis
Where course is offered: KMTC, Nairobi
Mode Of Study: full time
Entry requirements: Serving PHO’s to enable them specialize and effectively function in environmental health management

Post-Basic Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety

Course duration: one (1) academic year on full time basis
Where course is offered: KMTC, Nairobi
Mode Of Study: full time
Entry requirements: Serving PHO’s to enable them specialize and effectively function in environmental health management

Post-Basic Diploma in Solid waste management

Course duration: one (1) academic year on full time basis
Where course is offered: KMTC, Nairobi
Mode Of Study: full time
Entry requirements: Serving PHO’s to enable them specialize and effectively function in environmental health management

In-service diploma in EHS (regular)

Target Group: the Public Health Technicians (PHTs) to upgrade them to PHOs.
Where course is offered: Nakuru, Kabarnet , Kisumu, Kakamega, Msambweni, Machakos, Embu, Nyeri and Lodwar KMTC.

In-service diploma in EHS

Where course is offered: KMTC Nairobi
Requirements: A certificate in Environmental Health Sciences from KMTC
Time: Evening

Higher Diploma in Epidemiology (parallel)

Where Course is Offered: Nairobi and Kisumu KMTC
Entry Requirements: Diploma holders in Public Health, Nursing, Clinical Medicine, Health Records and Information, Community Oral Health and Medical Laboratory Technology from KMTC.

Diploma in pharmacy

Minimum Entry Requirements: KCSE minimum aggregate C plain with the following specific requirements: C in English or Kiswahili and Chemistry or Physical Science and Biology, and C in any one of the following: Physics, Mathematics. OR any qualification considered equivalent by the academic board.
Where Course is Offered: Nairobi, Mombasa, Manza, Kisumu, Nakuru and Nyeri MTCs.
Course Duration:
Two years full time in class for lectures and practicals in the laboratory.
7 months attachment in hospitals, industries and community pharmacies.
Two months in class after attachment to complete the remaining course work and prepare for qualifying examinations.

Certificate in Orthopaedic Plaster Technology

Entry requirements:
Mandatory subjects
C- in English or Kiswahili
C- in Biology, D+ in Math or Physics or Physical Science
Additional Subjects
D+ in any one of the following
Chemistry, math, Physics or physical Science, Agriculture, Home Science
Where Course is Offered: Nairobi MTC
Course Duration: Two years

Certificate in Psychiatric Nursing

Admission requirements:
C- in English or Kiswahili and Biology or Biological Sciences
D+ in any one of the following: – Physical Science, Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry
Where Course is Offered: Mathari MTC
Course Duration: Two and a half years

Certificate in Nursing

Admission Requirements:
C- in English or Kiswahili and Biology or Biological Sciences
D+ in any one of the following: – Physical Science, Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry
Where Course is Offered: Lodwar, Kabarnet and Garissa
Course Duration: Two and a half years

Diploma in Medical Laboratory

Admission requirements:
Mean grade C in KCSE or its equivalent
Mandatory subjects:
C plain in either English or Kiswahili
C plain in either Biology or Biological Science
C plain in either Chemistry or Physical Chemistry
Additional subjects: C plain in either Mathematics or Physics
Course Duration: Three years

Medical Imaging

Entry Requirements:  Aggregate C (plain) in: English or Kiswahili, Physics, Biology and C in either Math or Chemistry.
Where course is offered: Nairobi, Nyeri, Kisumu, Eldoret, Mombasa, Machakos
Course Duration: 3 years

Medical engineering

Admission Requirements: Mean grade C- (Minus)
Mandatory subjects: English/Kiswahili C- (Minus) Mathematics C- (Minus) Physics/Physical Science C- (Minus)
Other Subjects: Physics Physical Science Mathematics Chemistry,Biology, Metalwork, Electricity or Technical Drawing D+ (Plus)
Where Course is Offered: Loitoktok
Course Duration: Two years

Dental Technology

Minimum entry requirements: Mean grade of C Plain
C in English or Kiswahili, and Physical Science or Physics or Chemistry
C- in any one of the following: Biology, Metal work, Maths, Physics, Chemistry, General Science
Where Course is Offered: Nairobi MTC
Course Duration: 3 years

Occupational Therapy

Minimum Entry Requirement: Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) Minimum aggregate of C (plain) and above with the following specific requirements:
C in English or Kiswahili and Biology or Biological Sciences,
C- in any two (2) of the following; physics, physical Sciences, Chemistry,Mathematics, Agriculture, Home Science
Duration of the Course: Three (3) calendar years

Medical Education

Admission Requirements:  Health professionals in all cadres with qualifications at basic diploma level and above. Competence in Computer application and teaching methodology is a must. Three years working experience is a must.
Where Course is Offered: Nairobi MTC
Course Duration: One year

Optometry

Minum Entry Requirements: Mean grade C (Plain)
Mandatory subjects: English/Kiswahili, Mathematics,  Physics or Physical Sciences C (plain)
Additional subjects
C- (Minus) in Chemistry and Biology
Or a certificate or diploma in related field from a recognized institution.
Where Course is Offered: Nairobi MTC
Course Duration: Three years

Diploma in Community oral health.

Minimum Entry Requirements:
An average C (plain) or above. Grade C (plain) or credit in English and Biology or Biological Sciences.
C- (Minus) or credit in any two of the following: Chemistry, Physics or Physical Science, Mathematics or General Sciences.

Nutrition

Where Course is Offered: Nairobi, Karen, Lodwar, Homa Bay, Thika, Kabarnet, Nyandarua and Nakuru.
Minimum Entry Requirements for Diploma:
K.C.S.E Aggregate Grade C (plain)
C (Plain) in English or Kiswahili, Chemistry, and Biology or Biological Sciences
C – (Minus) in any two: Physical Sciences, Physics, Mathematics, Home Science, and Agriculture
Entry requirements for Certificate:
K.C.S.E Aggregate Grade C (plain)
C – (Minus) in English or Kiswahili, Chemistry, and Biology or Biological Sciences
D + (Minus) in any two: Physical Sciences, Physics, , Mathematics, Home Science, and Agriculture
Intake period: September and March intake
Course Duration:
The full diploma course runs for three (3) years, broken into two semesters per academic year.
Full Certificate course runs for two (2) years, broken into two semesters per academic year.

Health Records and Information

Minimum Entry Requirements: The minimum KCSE grade is C- for certificate and C plain for Diploma program with the corresponding cluster subjects
Course Duration:
Full time for certificate (2 years)
Full time for diploma (3 years)
Where the Courses are Offered: Murang’a, Nairobi, Kitui, Msambweni, Bondo (Masita),Siaya, and Webuye

KMTC New Courses Introduced

KMTC has started a number of new courses to proactively help the Government fight against new and emerging health challenges. The new courses are palliative care nursing, nephrology nursing, orthopedic trauma medicine, enhanced enrolled community nursing and nurse anesthesia.
Others are health systems management (HSM) and health education and promotion.
These new courses include:

  1. Palliative care nursing
  2. Nephrology
  3. Enrolled Community Nursing
  4. Nurse anesthesia
  5. Health Systems Management
  6. Orthopedic trauma medicine
  7. Higher diploma course in clinical medicine (mental health and psychiatry)
  8. Diploma in Health Education and Promotion

KMTC Intake – Kenya Medical Training College Intake and Admissions

Selection and placement of government sponsored (regular) programs to Kenya Medical Training College (KMTC) is done by KMTC.

Once the application process has been closed, the successful applicants will receive communication in due time.

Admission into the self-sponsored category, whose intake will be March every year, will commence after completion of government-sponsored intake in September. An advertisement will be placed in the local dailies in October. Admission to the self-sponsored vacancies will be open to all qualified students, regardless of the year they sat for their Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE).

Candidates are advised to attach legible Photostat copies of academic certificates; school leaving certificate and national identity card/birth certificate.

 

To download the 2019 handbook click KMTC 2019 Handbook

Nursing Laws And Ethics: Legal Aspects of Nursing Practice

INTRODUCTION
Nursing is a caring profession, which has its relevance and direct impact on the life, health, and well-being of individual, families and communities. It is therefore important to regulate the practice of nursing to ensure that standards are maintained to achieve safe practice. The regulation of nursing is achieved though credentialing, and standard of practice. Nursing practice is governed by legal concepts, knowledge of which helps the nurse to make decisions and take actions that are consistent with legal principles and thereby protecting the nurse from liability.

I am very much in no doubt that; we all know who a nurse is? What it takes to be a nurse, the act establishing NMCN, duties and functions of the council? As such, I will not stress you with all that…. Therefore, Law on the other hand is define as those rules made by humans that regulate social conduct in a formally prescribed and legally binding manner. It could be said to refer to some written and unwritten rules derived from customs and as formal enactment, which are recognized by the people as binding on them and could be imposed upon them by some appropriate sanctions. The implication of the above is that when you do not keep to these rules, the law will punish you.


According to a new report by the Nurses Service Organization, there has been a significant increase in malpractice claims against nurses in recent years. Furthermore, Between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2014, over $90 million was paid in malpractice claims against registered nurses. Report by the Nurses Service Organization, stated that, there has been a significant increase in malpractice claims against nurses in recent years. Furthermore, Between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2014, over $90 million was paid in malpractice claims against registered nurses According to the report, 85% of claims filed against nurses were against nurses with at least 16 years of practice, but the largest indemnity payments involved nurses with experience of no more than 5 years.

Functions of Law in Nursing
The law serves a number of functions in nursing which are to:
– Provides a framework for establishing which nursing actions in the care of clients are legal
– Differentiates the nurses’ responsibilities from those of other health professionals
– Helps establish the boundaries of independent nursing action
– Assists in maintaining standard of nursing practice by making nurses accountable under the law.

SOURCES OF LAW
There are several sources of Law which are as follows ;
– Legislative (Statutes) –this law is enacted by statute or Acts of parliament or the legislature is known as statutory law. Statutory laws can be made at the federal, state or local government levels. When federal and state laws conflict, federal laws supersedes, likewise state laws supersede local laws.
– Customs and Traditions – Laws that derive from customs and tradition of the people over the years but which are recognized by the constitution is known as customary laws. Examples include marriage rights, property ownership etc.
– Courts cases– Laws that evolve from court decisions are referred to as common laws or decisional laws. In addition to interpreting and applying constitutional or statutory laws, courts are also asked to resolve disputes between two parties. In the process of doing this, decisions are made and this result in common laws.
Common laws are continually being adapted and expanded. In deciding specific controversies, courts generally adhere to the doctrine of “to stand by things decided”, which usually refer to following precedence. In other words, to arrive at a ruling in a particular case, the court applies the same rules and principles applied in previous similar cases until it is either modified or overruled.
– Constitution- The constitution of a country is the supreme law of the country. It establishes the general organization of the federal governments, grants certain powers to them, and places limits on what federal and state governments may do. Constitutions create legal right and responsibilities and are the foundation for a system of Justice.
– Administrative authorities –In most cases, the process of law making follow some basic steps but occasionally, some administrative authorities such as the president, governors, ministers or
Commissioners make some general rules. Since such rules are not made by legislatures they are simply referred to as regulation or ordinances. An ordinance may simply be defined as the statement of general norms made by a chief executive of government without passing through the parliament.

TYPES OF LAW
Laws are categorized base on the type of relationship that it is supposed to govern. That is, whether it governs the relationship of private individuals with government and or with each other. This implies that there are two main types of law, PUBLIC and PRIVATE law.

What is public law?
Public law refers to the body of law that deals with relationships between individuals and government agency. It includes constitutional, international, criminal laws and other numerous regulations designed to enhance societal objectives. Failure to comply with such laws might lead to criminal legal actions and penalties. Criminal law is an important aspect of public law and it deals with actions against the safety and welfare of the public. Examples of such actions include; homicide, manslaughter, theft, arson, rape, and illegal possession of controlled drugs or arms. The implication is that if you commit a crime, you have committed an offense against society.

PRIVATE LAW OR CIVIL LAW
Is the body of law that deals with relationships between private individuals. It is categorized as contract law and tort law.

Contract law: This involves enforcement of agreement among private individuals or payment of compensation for failure to fulfill the agreements.

PRINCIPLES OF LAW
According to Anarado (2002), the system of law rests on four principles that include: Law is based on a concern for justice and fairness. The purpose of law is to protect the rights of one party from the transgressions of another by setting guidelines for conduct and mechanisms to enforce those guidelines. Law uses punishment to inhibit antisocial behaviour and to apply a just measure of retribution. This may be in form of a fine or a period of time in prison. However for claims of damages for negligence, financial reparation are regarded as compensation for injury sustained and not as a punishment for wrong inflicted. The court relies on the evidence before it in order to pass judgment. Actions are judged based on a universal standard of what a similarly educated, reasonable and prudent person would have done under similar circumstances. Legal rules are flexible: The law sets the parameters for adjudication, leaving room for the courts to interpret it further. For the sake of time, I will limit this presentation to tort law
TORT LAW
Tort Law is designed to protect individuals and organisations from civil wrongs other than breach of contract. Knowledge of the law of tort is important for all because most of the civil cases that resulted from nursing activities belong to the category of tort. Examples of such laws include malpractice, invasion of privacy, assault, battery, libel, slander, and false imprisonment. Assault and battery give rise to criminal and civil liability.

Malpractice is a broad term that is use to incorporate negligence, misconduct, or breach of duty by a professional that results in injury/damage to a patient (Reising & Allen, 2007). According to Reising and Allen, common malpractice claims arise against nurses when nurses fail to:
Assess and monitor.
Follow standards of care.
Use equipment in a responsible manner.
Communicate.
Kindly note that there are two types of tort law which are intentional and non intentional tort law

The Civil Judicial Process
The judicial process primarily functions to settle disputes peacefully and in accordance with the law: In other words, this is a process of filing a law suit against a defender. A lawsuit has strict procedural rules.

There are generally five steps in the process viz.
– A document known as complaint is filed by a person referred to as the plaintiff, who claims that his/her legal rights have been infringed upon by one or more persons, referred to as defendant(s)
– A written response, called an answer, is made by the defendant(s)
– Both parties engage in pre-trial activities referred to as discovery in an effort to gain all the facts of the situation.
– In the final of the case, all the relevant facts are presented to a jury or a judge.
– The judge renders a decision, or the jury renders a verdict. If the outcome is not acceptable to one of the parties, an appeal can be made for another trial.

During a trial, a plaintiff must offer evidence of the defendant’s wrongdoing. This duty of proving an assertion is called the burden of proof. As a nurse may be called to testify in a legal action for a variety of reasons. You may be a defendant in a malpractice or negligence action or may have been a member of the health team that provided care to plaintiff. It is advisable that any time you are asked to testify in such a situation to seek the advice of an attorney before providing testimony. In most cases the attorney for the employer will provide support and counsel during the legal case. If you are the defendant, however, it is advisable that you retain an attorney to protect your own interests.
Again, you may be asked to provide testimony as an expert witness. An expert witness is one who has special training, experience or skill in a relevant area and is allowed by the court to offer an opinion on some issues within the nurse’s area of expertise. Such a witness is usually called to help a judge or jury understand the evidence pertaining to the extent of damage or the standard of care.

LEGAL CONSIDERATION INVOLVING NURSING PRACTICE
Aside the regulation of nursing practice and standard, each hospital has their rules and codes of practice laid down to ensure safety and wellbeing of the patients. Any nurse, who do not oblige to these rules, codes of the hospital, and causes harm or injury to any patient, may be liable. Certainly, not all rules or policies covers every eventuality, hence the need for the nurse to ensure that the right patient gets the right treatment, use her professional judgment while caring for patients, do not attempt anything beyond her competence and should not exceed the limits of nursing procedures laid down…The laws governing nursing profession oblige nurses to perform their duties and responsibilities within the scope of nursing practice. Nurses have the duty to care for patients and should be cared for in the process of carrying out their lawful duties.

WHAT IS LITIGATION?
Litigation Is an act of being involved in a court case to defend a charge against a person or an organization. As a nurse, you can be invited to a court for any kind of professional misconduct, which the court often refers to as malpractice or negligence arising from her action.

COMMON CAUSES OF MALPRACTICE
According to Reising and Allen, common malpractice claims arise against nurses when nurses fail to:
Assess and monitor.
Follow standards of care.
Use equipment in a responsible manner.
Communicate.
Document.

WAYS OF MINIMIZING THE RISK OF MALPRACTICE
Nurses should be cognizant of legal risks in providing care. Reising (2012) suggests that the following actions can help minimize a nurse’s risk of being sued for malpractice:
. Know and follow your state’s nurse practice act and your facility’s policies and Stay up to date in your field of practice
. Assess your patients in accordance with policy and their physicians’ orders and, more frequently, if indicated by your nursing judgment
. Promptly report abnormal assessments, including laboratory data, and document what was reported and any follow-up
. Follow up on assessments or care delegated to others
. Communicate openly and factually with patients and their families and other health care providers
. Document all nursing care factually and thoroughly and ensure that the documentation reflects the nursing process; never chart ahead of time
. Promptly report and file appropriate incident reports for deviations in care.

EXPECTATIONS OF THE NURSE DURING LIGATION
Should the unfortunate occur, and the nurse discovers herself in the midst of a legal entanglement. The first step to take is to share your observation with your immediate superior, who will in turn notify her manager or advice you on what to do immediately. It is worthy to note that you should relay information factually and accurately to your confider. It’s also necessary to observed and complete all institutional procedural requirements. For instance, if your facility policy stipulated that an incident form be completed and forwarded, please endeavor to do so. Furthermore, contact your facility legal department/unit, which will assign an attorney to guide you through the case. Do not discuss the case with anyone other than your supervisor, employer, or legal representative.

EXPECTATIONS OF EMPLOYER DURING LIGATION PROCESS INVOLVING A NURSE
The nurse is a staff of the hospital and therefore, she cannot be disclaimed according to the doctrine of respondent superior (let the master answer)
The employer will notify the legal unit of the hospital for onward action
Set up an investigation panel to find out the truth
If possible, the hospital may employ the service of a lawyer to face the court etc.

EXPECTATIONS OF THE PROFESSIONAL BODIES DURING LIGATION OF ITS MEMBERS
Contact her lawyer
Set up investigation panel
Follow the accused to the court
Give necessary moral and financial support to the accused provided the nurse practice within her professional boundaries.

IMPLICATION OF LIGATION ON THE ACCUSED NURSE
If a nurse was found guilty, she may lose her job or be suspended from work
She may be fined or be made to pay compensation
Her license may be revoked
Litigations serve as lesson to others
If the nurse was NOT FOUND GUILTY:
She may be compensated adequately
She will be a public figure
The image of the nurses will improve etc.

THE NURSE AS A WITNESS IN THE COURT
A nurse may be require in the course of his professional duties to give account (evidence) of something he did or saw during his clinical duties in court as a professional witness or expert witness.

EXPECTED CONDUCT OF A NURSE IN COURT
The nurse should be punctual to court on the day he was ask to appear
He should be corporately dressed
His conduct should portray the image of nursing profession The nurse should listen thoughtfully to all the questions put to him
He should think before he gives his answers or opinions
His answers should be audible clear and firm and addressed to the judge and not to the counsel
The nurse should be courteous when answering questions.

He should be avoid temptation to be rude or hostile especially when being deliberately provoked during cross examination by the adverse counsel. Notably, the law allows the provocation, therefore a tit for tat policy maybe counterproductive. When it’s necessary to give a point to enable the court to understand the true state of affairs, the nurse should resist answering yes or no as may be demanded by the adverse counsel, It is expected that the nurse should use simple and clear language when responding to questions The nurse should always stand up when addressing the court to show respect to whom respect is due.

In conclusion,
Ethico-legal issues are far less common in developing countries compared with developed countries. This is partly because the populaces in developing countries are less well informed of their rights and because of fatalistic and religious beliefs in many societies in developing countries. With more awareness of the people, ethico-legal issues are likely to increase even in the developing nations.

It is therefore worthy of mention that, it is imperative for the Nurses to imbibe the characteristics of the profession and scope of practice as listed out by the ICN and by by NMCN; these would help a lot in the practice of nursing in Nigeria.

Thank you all for your attention
Source: Nurse Halliru LKabeer


New and Revised Entry Requirements For Nurses Training Schools in Zimbabwe

The Ministry of Health and Child Care has revised the entry requirements for the nurse training programme. According to the new requirements, prospective nurses must have passed English Language, Mathematics, a Science subject and two other subjects in a SINGLE sitting. In the past students with 5 Ordinary Levels obtained in two sittings were eligible. The government also restricted the course to those between the ages of 18 and 30.

 

In a circular, Permanent Secretary for Health and Child Care, Major Gerald Gwinji said,

 

RE: REVISED ENROLMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR TRAINEES FOR THE REGISTERED GENERAL NURSE TRAINING COURSE FROM MAY 2019

 

The above subject refers.

 

Applicants for the above course should be between the ages of 18 and 30 years.

 

Applicants must have 5 ‘0’ Levels passes in one sitting with grade C or better. The subjects should include English Language, Mathematics and a Science subject. The two of subjects exclude practical subjects such as Woodwork, Building, Metal Work, Art, Fashion and Fabrics.

Harare Central Hospital School of Nursing 2018/2019 Admission Forms on sale

Harare Hospital CEO Dr Nyasha Masuka said the Harare Central Hospital School of Nursing will be conducting their recruitment process in public from this year onwards.

 

There are reports some prospective nurses have had to bribe officials to get a place at a nurses’ training school. Dr Masuka invited members of the public to observe the selection process.Said Dr Masuka:

 

All applications will have to come via the post office and will conduct the selection in a ballot box. We will invite members of the public to observe the selection process.

Harare Hospital will be reducing its intake from the current 72 to 35 so as to scale up the standards of its graduates. Last week, the Ministry of Health and Child Care announced revised requirements of trainees for the registered general nurses’ course from May 2019, citing that they now require 5 Ordinary levels including Mathematics in one (1) sitting.

FMC Yola 2018/2019 Perioperative Nursing Form on Sale

Application are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission into the above name School for a 1 year course in Perioperative Nursing beginning from November, 2018 leading to licensing by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria as Registered Perioperative Nurse (RPON)

The Course is designed to equip Registered Nurses(RN) wwith the theoretical underpinnings and skills required for proving effective, acceptable and safe Perioperative Nursing care to the clients/patients

Admission Requirements
Applicants Should:
1. Be Registered Nurses(RN) with current practice License of the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria
2. Have at least five(5) credit passes at not more than two(2) sitting in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry from WAEC or NECO O Level examinations.
3. Have at least One(1) year post qualification experience in an acute care setting preferably in a surgical unit.
4. Have approval for one(1) full year of release from employers or other training Schools

Method of Application
Forms are obtainable with effect from 12th October 2018 from the Perioperative Nursing School, Federal Medical Centre, Yola upoon presentation of the following:
Receipt in respect of payment of Ten Thousand Naira(N10,000) only to the Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Treasury Single Account (TSA) in any commercial Bank

Entrant Examination and Interview
Date: 13th-16th November 2018
Venue: College of Nursing and Midwifery, Yola

Resalu College of Nursing and Midwifery January 2019 Admission Forms Intake, Tuition, Calendar

Tentative Programme for RN (Registered Nursing) January 2019 Intake.

1. 30th October 2018, securement of place deadline.

2. 1stth – 2nd November 2018 Uniform Measurements and Student IDs photo-taking (Bring Deposit slip for place securement).

3. 16th November 2018 Collection of Uniforms and Student IDs.

4. 15th December 2018, Accommodation Securement Deadline.

5. 3rd -6th January 2019 Reporting/Registration.

6. 7th January 2019, first Special lecture/first Assignment (Due Date: 8th January 2019, Time: 07:50hrs).

7. 8th January 2019, Second Special Lecture/2nd Assignment (Due Date: 9th January 2019, Time: 07:50hrs).

8. 7th – 13th January, 2019, Official Orientation/Industrial visitation.

9. 14th January 2019, first Lecture Block begins (Academic Journey).

10. All fees to be deposited into the Resalu College Bank Account number as provided on the Acceptance Letter before reporting. Hence, cash money payment through accounts office is not allowed.

11. Late Registration will attract One Thousand Kwacha (K1000) penalty Fee or losing a place to those on standby.

12. Class Time Table to be given on 3rd January 2019.

13. COME WITH YOUR ACCEPTANCE LETTER, G12 RESULTS COPY, NRC COPY, STUDY PERMIT (STUDENT VISA for international students), and ORIGINAL BANK DEPOSIT SLIPS.

For any clarity kindly contact Resalu College Director on +260962798345

Resalu College of Nursing Lusaka Zambia January 2019 Admission Forms and Interview

BE PART OF THE SOLUTION

Resalu College, School of Nursing wishes to inform the general public that Application Forms for 2019 January Intake are still on sale and going at K150.

Those who wrote the GCE Examinations can as well apply or contact Resalu Director during business hours on +260962798345.

Entry Qualifications:

Five (5) Credits or better in Mathematics, Biology, English/Local Languages plus any other two (2) related subjects.

Resalu College is registered and accredited to General Nursing Council of Zambia (GNCZ).

Call/WhatsApp lines; +260962798345, +260977115514 or +260977798345.

Email: resalucollege@yahoo.com

We are on Plot No. 68E/225/68, MUMBWA ROAD, ROSEDALE, LUSAKA WEST

WE SEE BEYOND YOUR IMAGINATION