Politics in Nursing Profession: Not Too Young To Run, Politics, NANNM And Nursing By Comrade Ajayi B.O

Good morning Great Nurses!!!
We appreciate the leadership of this great profession and their struggle to ensure the best for Nursing. The subject matter i want to touch has been one we have been evasive about and i think it is high time we stopped and tell each other the truth.
In this Era of “Not too Young to Rule” trend, we (nursing) cannot be caught up in policies that only existed in the medieval times which is centred to disenfranchise our YOUNG nurses their right to contribute whatever innovation they have to this noble profession.
I find it appalling that some highly placed officials have decided to deliberately exclude aspiring and ambitious YOUNG nurses from contesting in NANNM elections under the guise of “TWO YEARS & CONFIRMATION”.
We say this is barbaric and it is an attempt to destabilise the peace we have all enjoyed together in this profession.
At the point of entry into the service, we all pay dues and many register as a member of NANNM which gives them the right to vote and be voted for “Not too Young” so why are we translating the constitution of the association to suit our selfish agenda.
I believe our vision and mission is that of the progresstivist and as such wether a YOUNG or ELDER shows interest should not be an issue. The main thing is to allow the nursing electorates to choose their own leaders.
At this juncture, i call on our leaders (NANNM & FORUM) who are not selfish and have been shouldering the responsibilities of this great profession to immediately swing into action and checkmate the injustices that has happened in EPE GH and APAPA GH where they have disqualified the chairmanship aspirant on the basis of “TOO YOUNG TO RULE”.
The indubitable truth is that the YOUNG nurses have stood up to support our leaders and ensure that they contribute their quota. We should help them rather than depriving them the opportunity to serve.
Comrade Ajayi B.O. R.N, R.O.N, B.N.Sc.
President Y.I.N.N.
NANNM Secretary GH Lagos

UGONSA Says Nursing Degree from Benin Republic, Chad, Cameroon And Niger Republic Not Accepted in Nigeria

Following our careful inquest into the status and circumstances surrounding the nursing degree awarded by institutions in Benin Republic, Chad, Niger Republic and Came., we wish to bring the following to the attention of Nigerian nurses and the genaal public:
I. Although most of the institutions in the countries referred above, that are involved in the award of nursing degree to Nigerian nurses, can be found in the list of accredited institutions of higher learning in their respective countries, the Nigerian minis, of Education has not approved the evaluation of Bachelor of Nursing Science (B.N.Sc) degree or any other health related courses awarded by these institutions.
2. Consequently. the B.N.Sc degree awarded by these institutions is not recognized by the Nigerian Minis, of Education for admission, employment/upgrading and/or NYSC mobilization.
3. UGONSA therefore advises Nigerian nurses to henceforth stop the pursuit of nursing degrees in these countries.
4. For those that are already in the pursuit of their nursing degree, as well as those that might have already bagged nursing degree, in these countries, we recommend that they promptly contact the Director Nursing Services, Federal Ministry of Health, or the Registrar, Nursing and Midwifery of Nigeria, for clarification on the status of the nursing degree awarded by their school to avoid any regrets in the future. It is better to make hay now, while the sun still shines, than to make an avoidable and regrettable mistake.
5. Most of these scl.ols run the nursing degree under other departments (and not in the department of nursing sciences) with no measures or facilities in place as required for standard and accreditation.
6. Most of them also run the program in such a shabby way that the cumulative academic period for the entire course that leads to award of the degree, in some instances, is less than one month.
7. As the motto of UGONSA is -Nightingalism and Professionalism for Qualitative Client Care”, we cannot sit passive and watch as professionalism and standards are brazenly watered down in the nursing profession.
8. We therefore call on nurses and the general public to support the commendable effort the Federal Minis, of Health and the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria are making in upholding standards and professionalism in Nursing education and practice in Nigeria by heeding this clarion call to shun patronizing any nursing program that has been evaluated as being below standard such as those run in the referenced countries.
Chief (Hon.) S.E.O. Egwuenu
National President
Nurse G.I. Nshi
National Secretary

FCT School Of Nursing, Gwagwalada, Abuja 2018/2019 Admission List

FCT School Of Nursing 2018/2019 Admission list has been released. Below is the list of admitted students and date of resumption, school fees and resumption date

1. Alice Adamu 2018003601 FCT
2. Ann Abu Oshouye 2018006792 FCT
3. Aliyu Kabiru Iliyasu 2018004242 FCT
4. Sumaiya Bala Idris 2018001842 FCT
5. Grace Sunday 2018002221 FCT
6. Grace Emmanuel 2018000636 FCT
7. Muhammed Alhassan 2018001179 FCT
8. Amina Musa 2018001733 FCT
9. Najiyullahi Maiwada 2018000178 FCT
10. Zainab Isah 2018002029 FCT
11. Fatima Yahaya 2018000420 FCT
12. Hassana Peter 2018002029 FCT
13. ThankGod John 2018002205 FCT
14. Suwaiba Sani 2018007079 FCT
15. Hasiya Ibrahim 2018004381 FCT
16. Salome Peter 2018001662 FCT
17. Janet Barnabas 2018001079 FCT
18. Nurudeen Sabo 2018001848 FCT
19. Absulsalam Yahaya 2018001848 FCT
20. Karimat Abdullahi 2018000396 FCT
21. Ezekiel Usman 2018001274 FCT
22. Khadijat Aliyu 2018000578 FCT
23. Zakari Isah 2018002231 FCT
24. Maryam Ibrahim 2018006934 FCT
25. Zainab Sheidu 2018001601 FCT
26. Aisah Yunusa 2018001490 FCT
27. Felicia Isaac/td> 2018008437 FCT
28. Judith Bako 2018001662 FCT
29. Abdullahi Karima 2018000396 FCT
30. Asiya Aminu 2018006489 FCT
31. Aisha Salihu 2018002792 FCT
32. Abidat Surajudeen Idris 2018001205 JIGAWA
33. Abigail Nwokoma Amarachi 2018005478 RIVERS
34. Abubakar Mohammed 2018000324 KADUNA
35. Adeyinka Owoade Oluwatosin 2018009453 OYO
36. Ainau Tahir Ibrahim 2018011003 ZAMFARA
37. Aisha Abubakar Garba 2018010112 YOBE
38. Aisha Adam 2018001488 NASARAWA
39. Aisha Isa Umar 2018003822 KEBBI
40. Aisha Mohammed Bagudu 2018001911 NIGER
41. Aisha Usman Jimada 2018005727 KADUNA
42. Aishatu Mohammed 2018003011 ADAMAWA
43. Akintade Zainab Atinuke 2018007158 LAGOS
44. Aliyu Shuaibu Ibrahim 2018006841 KANO
45. Aminat Balogun 2018000673 KWARA
46. Asami Anthony 2018000841 KADUNA
47. Badiya Mohammed Ali 2018007114 KATSINA
48. Bernice Johnson 2018002507 NIGER
49. Bilyaminu Abdullahi 2018000443 NIGER
50. Blessing Aniagu 2018008347 ENUGU
51. Blessing Ossai 2018001150 ENUGU
52. Charity Sediro Ife 2018007870 LAGOS
53. Chivi Calvin Elisa 2018003888 ADAMAWA
54. Dauda Bitrus Udu 2018003922 NASARAWA
55. David Yila 2018002543 GOMBE
56. Elizabeth Mathias Onyeka 2018000371 BENUE
57. Emonema Unufe Uzoma 2018002998 BAYELSA
58. Esther Akpan Donatus 2018007963 AKWA IBOM
59. Evelyn Itodo 2018002302 ENUGU
60. Faizah Adamu 2018001062 ADAMAWA
61. Farida Yunusa Baffa 2018005870 YOBE
62. Fatima Bello 2018000973 JIGAWA
63. Fatima Umar Faruk 2018003851 NIGER
64. Firdausa Salisu 2018001440 KATSINA
65. Florence Musa Burga 2018001996 GOMBE
66. Grace Caleb Taraba 2018005690 TARABA
67. Habiba Abubakar 2018002884 NIGER
68. Hafsat Usman 2018001816 KADUNA
69. Hajara Tijjani Hajara 2018003663 BORNO
70. Halima Abdullahi 2018000874 NIGER
71. Halima Abdullahi Jagaba 2018000667 NIGER
72. Hasiya Musa Agye 2018004963 NASARAWA
73. Hassan Ejim 2018000647 NASARAWA
74. Hauwa Abba 2018001111 ADAMAWA
75. Ibrahim Mohammed 2018004473 GOMBE
76. Ijeoma Ajaegbu Genevieve 2018005852 IMO
77. Imeh Atat Hadassah 2018001176 AKWA IBOM
78. Jamila Idris 2018002223 NIGER
79. Joel Jonathan 2018003526 BAUCHI
80. Joshua Ologunabga Oluwarotimi 2018000337 ONDO
81. Khadija Mohammed 2018005385 GOMBE
82. Latifa Lawal 2018006536 KADUNA
83. Leo Loveth Christopher 2018001470 KADUNA
84. Lovely Ezeonyima Nnenna 2018004347 ENUGU
85. Lucky Oguntoke Emmanuel 2018002969 OSUN
86. Lucy Ezekwe Chiamaka 2018010498 EBONYI
87. Lydia Benson Rumere 2018006004 DELTA
88. Mabel John Abang 2018006004 CROSS RIVER
89. Maimunat Sogir 2018002738 NIGER
90. Mardiyatu Yusuf 2018000630 BAUCHI
91. Maryam Adamu 2018001752 BAUCHI
92. Mmesomachukwu Okwuma Camilla 2018007545 ANAMBRA
93. Moses Nuhu 2018000236 KADUNA
94. Mujidat Balogun 2018003598 KOGI
95. Munirat Enesi Oyiza 2018010757 KWARA
96. Mustapha Musa 2018002339 NIGER
97. Na’Imah Abdularahman 2018002307 SOKOTO
98. Naja’atu Usman 2018011888 GOMBE
99. Naomi Abalaka 2018002781 KOGI
100. Ngozi Akpan 2018000954 AKWA IBOM
101. Nwosu Peace 2018000972 ANAMBRA
102. Olofinyokun Temitope Aprimat 2018005856 ONDO
103. Oluwakemi Samuel 2018005462 ONDO
104. Oluwasayo Olumuyiwa Rebecca 2018002784 EKITI
105. Rahimat Aliyu 2018001834 KOGI
106. Rakiya Abdullahi 2018011777 JIGAWA
107. Rita Ucheweze 2018000279 IMO
108. Ruth Joseph Rot-Ritmua 2018005028 PLATEAU
109. Salamatu Suleman 2018000978 KOGI
110. Sarah Olayide Miracle 2018005644 OGUN
111. Saratu Abdullahi Yakubu 2018007361 EDO
112. Saudat Aminu 2018005361 KANO
113. Shalon Okezie Chinaeletam 2018010449 ABIA
114. Tina Barnabas 2018000312 KADUNA
115. Ugochukwu Helen Chinasa 2018011321 IMO
116. Ummihani Ismail 2018011148 KOGI
117. Ummusalma Yahaya 2018005601 KATSINA
118. Yasiru Nafiu Bello 2018006882 KATSINA
119. Zainab Uthman 2018006622 KADUNA
120. Zeenatu Bello Ali 2018000893 ZAMFARA

Following the conduct of examination into the FCT School of Nursing, Gwagwalada for 2018 admission session which took place in July to September, 2018, the following candidates were successful and therefore offered provisional admission.
They are to report to the FCT School of Nursing Gwagwalada for screening and registration with the following documents:
a) Original and photocopy of WAEC/NECO certificates/statement of result.
b) Original and photocopy of birth certificated/declaration of age
c) Original and photocopy of certificate of indigenship. d) 2 passport photographs
Screening and registration of successful candidates will commence from Tuesday 23rd to Friday 26th October, 2018 while classes commence on Monday 29th October, 2018.

Screen Time Recommendations By Age

As a growing child in the largest West African city, I didn’t have a limit to screen time (we didn’t have electricity 27/7 by the way). I recall having long hours in the evening watching K club on galaxy television watching tales by moonlight on weekends and several other programs. I could sing different TV commercial songs even when I wasn’t listening. It was excellent even though there were no educational apps as nobody even had cool gadgets at the time except those who possessed landlines phones.

This is the story of thousands of other kids from the 90’s and even some children from the early year 2000s but times have changed, and technology has taken over the world.

These days, adults have to decide on how much screen time to allow their children once they start taking on the responsibility of parenting. While there are lots of benefits to letting your children make use of educational applications and watch TV programs for one reason or another, a lot of parents feel that restriction matters if you want your children to grow up to become people who can balance virtual life with real life.

Children Longer Screen Time

The reason why lots of parents allow their children watch TV and engaged in different screen activities at a very young age is that they could use the time to catch some rest, the need for uninterrupted work time, and the desire to have some quiet time after the hustle and bustle of the day.

Are your kids watching too much TV?

With the current ubiquitousness of technology, it is difficult to say how much is too much for your kids. There is the urge to allow them to sit in front of the screen and have as much fun as possible watching their favourite programs but then there is the thought of the evils that people talk about that comes with allowing your children watch too much TV.

And sometimes you just want them to enjoy nature like you did when you were little, but realising that technology is not leaving the surface of the earth anytime soon leaves you wondering whether or not you’re ruining your children’s childhood.

The damage screens can do to your kids

If you think that screen time has a negative effect on your kid’s creativity and affect their brains in some not so cool ways, well some scientific pieces of evidence back that up. According to Rudolf Steiner and other psychologists, your child’s first seven years in life are very important as this is the stage where your child learns and developed his brain through engaging in physical activities.

So if you have been wondering why Waldorf schools ensure to restrict the amount of media exposure their students get during their early years the theory above explains it. Waldorf schools emphasizes on hands-on plays rather than virtual activities to help their students become more creative.

Some other studies have revealed that excessive screen time has a connection with children having learning difficulties and developmental challenges. It is believed that even though watching a moving screen is entertaining, it is as well hypnotic and slows the development of a child’s neural pathways. This can lead to sleep disorders and attention deficit especially in kids younger than three years of age. Although as of now there is no specific evidence to prove that screen time causes ADHD there is, however, a possibility of it aggravating symptoms.

Finally, according to a lot of parents and teachers, children of this century are unable to engage in proper interaction with their peers in a non-structured environment. They cannot run around playing like they are expected to in the natural world because they are used to staying in front of the screen. There is every possibility that this lifestyle would have a negative effect on them later in life as they are unable to protect themselves against little dangers and appreciate the wonders of nature because there is a disconnect between the human and nature itself.

So why do parents allow screens and educational apps for kids?

Even though parents are aware of the earlier mentioned reasons why it’s not so cool to allow the kids too much access to TV screens and educational applications on your gadgets, some other reasons are arguably laudable why these same parents allow their children spend some time in front of the screens.

1. parents get the much-needed downtime

Some people have argued that so much screen time for children causes childhood obesity and there is a lot of fact in that statement, but that isn’t a reason why parents with underweight kids let them stay glued to the TV. Then there is the belief that children need to focus on the screens so they can understand and fit into the 21st-century pop culture, but this is not one of the reasons why some parents allow their children watch TV.

The greatest benefit parents get form allowing their children watch TV is the much needed down time together. It could be a few hours bonding as a couple as parents watch a sitcom together or just some time talking about their experiences at work and a host of other things without being interrupted by the children. Besides, in the world where everybody has to go up and about trying to get their act together and put food on the table for their families, some time to let your brain relax is really not too much to ask.

2. We agree technology is pretty cool

Let’s be candid, there is so much awesome things the gadgets of these days can do. Seeing kids operate these devices, playing games, and surfing the web at a very young age leaves parents in awe of how intelligent their kids can be (which is almost contradicting the part where science proves that too much screen time impairs the mental development of a child during the first few years of their life).

Parents use their phones, laptops, and iPads to help them handle plenty of difficult tasks from the comfort of their homes. And as we know, children do what they see rather than what they are told. Telling your child not to operate a gadget when they see you use similar devices and their pairs have these same gadgets in the child-friendly versions will not exactly work.

Hundreds of schools around the world are going digital there is no way all children can escape this world of technological advancement, but there is a way you can strike a balance between reality and the world inside of the screens.

The solution

Reduce your child’s TV viewing time to 3 hours maximum daily and make sure to control the activities they are allowed to view. When it comes to engaging them in the use of mobile applications, it’s a win-win situation because there are lots of educational apps that help your children learn spellings do maths and a whole host of other things, so learning becomes fun for them.

Try to strike a balance take your children out to parks, take them to zoos, show them the wonders of nature, and let them visit beaches and play with sand and buckets. Stay out with them sometimes and let them watch the stars, get them gifts like binoculars and other things that are connected to nature. That’s way the kids can balance their play activities.

This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

This article first appeared on Nursingblog

Diabetes Mellitus: Definition, Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Hormones are vital to your body system and your general well-being. However, if you are still wondering what hormones mean, well, hormones are the chemical messengers sent by some parts of your body to coordinate the activities of the other parts of your body.

Hormones are produced by a type of glands known as the endocrine glands. These glands are known as ductless glands which means they have no ducts hence they secrete their contents directly into the bloodstream.

These chemical messengers which are very powerful and quite fast travel all around your body system through your bloodstream giving instructions to tissues and organs telling them what needs to be done.

Majority of the processes that are undergone by the body are controlled chemically by hormones. Processes such as reproduction and metabolism are not left out; they are also controlled by hormones.

Now imagine, if there is an issue with either the hormones or the sources that produce them, there will be disruptions all around the body. When the organs which produce hormones produce either too much or too little, then it will lead to what is known as HORMONAL IMBALANCE.

Hormonal imbalance affects even the tiniest body process you can think of, and this is because everything that goes on in the body is controlled by hormones. Because of how essential they are to the body, any slight change in their levels in the body will affect the body’s output.

While sometimes, it is normal for the hormonal levels to fluctuate and change every once in a while simply because of the natural aging of the body, however, if the fluctuations exceed the normal limit or if there is an external factor causing a change in the normal levels, the body will begin to have problems.

However, what then causes the fluctuations in the normal levels of hormones in the body?


It is a regular occurrence for everyone to experience periods where they usually will observe a change in the hormonal levels in the body at some points in their lives. However, there are times when there are abnormal fluctuations which are caused by some unnatural causes within the body.

These hormonal imbalances can occur as a result of a problem with the endocrine glands, i.e. when the endocrine glands begin to malfunction. The primary function of endocrine glands is to produce, store and release chemical messengers(hormones) in the blood.

So if anything goes wrong with the endocrine glands, there will be hormonal imbalances throughout the entire body. There are several endocrine glands that are located around the body, and they include adrenal glands located on top of the kidneys, the male and female gonads (testis and ovaries), pineal gland, pituitary gland, the hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, and the islets of the pancreas.

Note: These endocrine glands do not control the same systems. This means that each secretion gotten from each of these glands are for different and specific organs. No two different secretions give out the same command to the same organ.

There are some medications and medical conditions that can affect the production of these endocrine glands. Environmental factors and some certain lifestyles can also influence asides medical conditions and drugs, the functionality of these endocrine organs.

The different causes of hormonal imbalances include:

Chronic or Severe stress, diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus (type 1 and type 2 diabetes), the overproduction of glycogen also known as hyperglycemia, the reduced production of glycogen also known as hypoglycemia, the reduced production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland also known as hypothyroidism, the increased production of thyroid hormone also known as hyperthyroidism, the overproduction of parathyroid hormone, the reduced production of parathyroid hormones, malnutrition, poor nutrition, unbalanced diet, overweight, and so on.

Medical conditions and medications can also cause hormonal imbalances. Drugs such as hormonal replacement medications, birth control medications, abuse of steroidal medicines, solitary intake nodules, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy can cause hormonal imbalances

Medical conditions like pituitary tumours, Cushing syndrome resulting from high levels of the stress hormone known as cortisol, Addison’s disease resulting from the low levels of aldosterone and cortisol, endocrine gland injury, infections, severe allergic reactions, and benign tumours and cysts which affects the endocrine glands.

Others include low levels of cortisol gotten from birth known as congenital adrenal hyperplasia, any type of cancer that affects the endocrine gland, any injury that affects the endocrine gland, iodine deficiency (goiters), hereditary pancreatitis, Turner syndrome that occurs when a female comes out with only one X chromosome, and anorexia.

Symptoms of Hormonal imbalances:

There are different symptoms of hormonal imbalances in men, women and children. This means that the symptoms experienced by men will be different from the symptoms experienced by women.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalances in Men include:

It is normal for men to once in a while experience hormonal imbalances during their lifetime as a result of aging and aging. However, in men when they have medical conditions such as prostate cancer and hypogonadism, they will experience fluctuations in their hormonal levels.

The different symptoms that will be experienced by men when they have hormonal imbalances include:

Low libido also is known as low sex drive
Erectile dysfunction
Low sperm count
Reduced muscle and body mass
Reduced body hair growth.
Presence of breasts( especially when there is an over secretion of certain hormones)
Tenderness of breasts
Brittle bones also are known as osteoporosis.
Having immense difficulties in concentrating most especially while reading or doing a chore
Hot flashes
A decrease in beard and hair growth.

Symptoms of Hormonal imbalances in women:

For women, throughout their lifetime, they usually experience several periods of hormonal changes, initially during the puberty stages, during ovulation and menstruation, during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding, and during menopause (perimenopause, menopause, post-menopause).

Women are more at a higher risk of developing hormonal imbalance disorders much more than men, and this is because they have different endocrine glands and body cycles than the men. Asides the natural causes of hormonal imbalances, there are some medical conditions that can result in women having this disorders, and they are:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): This is one of the major medical causes of hormonal imbalances in women.
Hormonal replacement drugs
Birth Control Medications
Primary ovarian insufficiency(POI)
Ovarian cancer
Early menopause

Symptoms of Hormonal imbalances in women include:

Heavy periods that can be very painful and may be regular or irregular.
Weak and brittle bones also known as osteoporosis
Intense internal heat cause hot flashes and night flashes
Vaginal dryness even after sexual stimulations
Presence of tender breasts.
Constipation and severe diarrhoea
Acne during and after menstruation
Uterine bleeds not associated with menstruation
Increased and accelerated hair growth on the face, back, neck, and/or chest.
Weight gain
Hair loss
Abnormal skin growths
Deepening of the voice
The enlargement of the clitoris.
The intense pain felt during sex

For children:

In children likewise, there are symptoms of hormonal imbalances that can be noticed. During the time of puberty, it is expected that children should begin to experience the production of sex hormones in their bodies.

However, some kids may tend to have delayed puberty. Even with them experiencing delayed puberty, when it eventually comes, some will go on to experience normal puberty. However, some children may end up having a disease condition known as hypogonadism.

The symptoms of hypogonadism differ between boys and girls. For boys, the Symptoms they will experience includes:

Underdevelopment of the body and muscle mass
The voice won’t deepen or become thick
They will experience undergrowth of the body hair
There will be an impairment in the growth of both the penis and the testicles
Excessive growth of the arms and the legs in relation to the trunk and the body growth
They will begin to experience gynecomastia which is the development of the breast tissue. This means that they may start to develop breasts like girls.

The symptoms of hypogonadism in girls include:

The lack of a menstrual cycle: This means that they will not experience the monthly menstrual cycle.
The underdevelopment of their breast tissues: This means that they will not develop breasts.
They will have stunted growth: This means that there will be no increase in their growth rate.

Once patients begin to experience hormonal imbalances, they are advised to see their physicians immediately. One of the worst conditions caused by hormonal imbalances is infertility. It is the leading cause of infertility both in men and in women.

For children, once their parents begin to notice the hormonal imbalances in their kids, the parents should immediately take them to see the child doctor in order to avoid problems in the future.

This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

Rape Therapy: A Treatment Option for Rape Victims

If you have never been a victim of rape, it might be tough for you to imagine how life is for rape victims trying to achieve recovery. It no doubts is challenging for people who have been sexually assaulted to get back to their daily lives as it were, before their assault experience. However, it is the duty of the people around, to see how best they can help these victims recover.

Before you can think of assisting a victim of rape, you first have to be trustworthy enough for them to open up to you. Coming out to tell a rape story is one challenging thing for victims especially because of the fear of being judged, blamed, or getting hurt further by the culprit who might be a close person.

However, when a victim can take up the courage to make a report to the police or a close relative, the question is what next?

In trying to help a victim a lot of people make the mistake of worsening the situation by expecting them to heal faster than they should. Understanding that humans respond differently to life experiences is the start point if at all you intend helping a rape victim. Understand that no two persons can heal at the same rate and no two persons handle the situation similarly so allow them to take their time, don’t be in a hurry.

A lot of victims heal from rape without therapy however in some cases it is because they do not have access to treatment so they have to improve gradually on their own which I must say is a very brave Journey for them to embark on. However, it is not uncommon for rape victims to seek help from therapy in recent times most rape therapy techniques have been studied in rape treatment for many years.

Therapy for rape victims could include group therapy one-on-one therapy and even pharmacotherapy. The kind of rape therapy that would be used for a particular victim’s treatment primarily depends on the victims’ experience and response. However, the most common types of rape therapies are

1. Supportive counselling
2. Prolonged exposure therapy
3. Stress inoculation therapy
4. Eye movement desensitisation reprocessing (EMDR)
5. Cognitive process therapy

The prolonged exposure therapy, stress inoculation therapy, and cognitive process therapy are all categorised under cognitive behaviour therapy.

The primary focus of most treatment for rape victims is to eliminate the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder because PTSD is an inevitable condition that a sufferer would experience if trauma from the assaults lingers for a long time.

Types of treatment and therapy for rape

1. Stress inoculation rape therapy

The stress inoculation therapy was explicitly designed to treat those with anxiety and fear as well as victims with specific avoidance behaviour ( like those who are free to walk alone in the dark). The stress inoculation rape therapy is done in three distinct phases; the education, school building, and application phases.

Education phase: this phase is designed to explain to the victims that fear is a reasonable response to trauma, and also to tell them the things that may trigger such fear and anxiety such as places that remind them of the scene of the rape or things that remind them of the culprit.

Skill building: the skill-building face is to teach rape victims how to control the affairs psychologically and physically. This phase applies the use of cognitive behavioural techniques like guided self-talk and thought to stop mental rehearsal.

Application: this final phase requires a victim to use their newly acquired skills to engage in healthy behaviours. They are also thought to stop criticising themselves and award themselves for their healing progress.

this method of therapy has proven to be very useful in preventing future symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in rape victims

2. Prolong exposure rape therapy

The flooding therapy also called the prolonged exposure rape therapy is a technique used to desensitise a victim to rape trauma by repeatedly exposing them two things that remind them of the traumatic occurrence. In the flooding, method victims instructed to repeatedly recount their rape and face life’s challenges that tell them of their rape. Meetings I even need to listen to tape recording sessions talking about their rape incidence.

This method may come across as very harsh, but it has been discovered to help prevent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and stop victims from feeling guilty and anxious.

3. Cognitive processing therapy

Cognitive processing therapy was designed to help people suffering from depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. This particular retreatment uses three necessary steps the education skill acquisition and their application steps. This technique requires victims to associate with things that remind them of the rape incident and condition their minds to fight off guilt, fear, and trauma.

This therapy method has also proved to help prevent future cases of PTSD in victims.

4. Eye movement desensitisation reprocessing

The Eye movement desensitisation reprocessing was designed originally to help survivors of trauma. the EMBR uses a combination of the cognitive processing therapy and
Prolong exposure rape therapy. During a session, the rape victim is instructed to recount their rape events while focusing on eye contact with a moving physical object like a finger of the therapist. It is believed that focusing on whatever moving object the therapist decides to use will help in. The victim to reprocess the information of the event they are narrating.

The EMDR is arguably the least used technique of rape therapy because a lot of people feel that the hand movement or movement of any other physical object is unnecessary.

5. Support counselling rape therapy

The support counselling group therapy is the most used as it has been adopted by many rape crisis support intervention centres. In this case, the therapist is expected to offer every kind of support possible by listening to the stories of victims and be a shoulder for them to cry on.

This method of therapy is very effective immediately after a traumatic place, but in the long run, it might not be as effective as the cognitive behavioural therapy options.

When it comes to paying for rick therapy, some countries have a support facility that allows you to make a police report and apply for treatment with the payments covered by the government however in places where such is not made available victims might have to spend a reasonable amount of money to get their therapy done.

This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

Japan to hire 50,000 Filipino nurses and other workers starting 2019

Starting next year until 2025, Japan will be hiring at least 50,000 Filipino skilled workers including nurses, farmers, and those from the construction, hospitality and shipbuilding industries.


Tokyo announces that Filipino workers will have a chance to get employed in their country in the next six years once Prime Minister Shinzo Abe finalizes new rules to give temporary residence to foreign manual laborers.


Ambassador Koji Haneda said Japan’s parliament is set to deliberate during its extraordinary session in autumn on the creation of a new residency status. The status, he added, would allow foreign workers in a wider range of industries to stay for five years.


“While we are waiting for the rules and regulations of this new scheme to be released, I personally estimate more than 50,000 workers from the Philippines will come to work in Japan with this new work permit by 2025,” Haneda said.


The upcoming new policy effectively lifts the ban on the recruitment of foreigners for manual labor, thus nursing, farming, construction, hospitality and shipbuilding industries are expected to hire Filipino skilled workers.


“In order to accept more foreign workers in Japan, we will create a new residency status for foreign workers with a certain level of expertise or skill from next year,” Haneda said.


He explained the Philippines and Japan have three defining aspects in their economic partnership which are the cooperation in infrastructure development, mutually beneficial trade policies and “people-to-people ties.”


“In this area, Japan and the Philippines can form truly mutually complementary relations. Japan faces an aging society and lacks labor force while the Philippines is abundant with young labor force with great potential,” he said.


“Filipino workers are expected to help Japan address the issues arising from aging society. Japan can provide qualified Filipino workers with job opportunities,” the ambassador added.


Haneda cited Japan’s announcement in May it would welcome over 500,000 foreign workers between 2019 and 2025 to help fill the labor shortage in the face of Japan’s aging population and the need to increase its potential growth rate.


But at the time, Tokyo did not say how many slots would be allotted for specific countries although they will join the 1.28 million foreign workers already in Japan, based on data from the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare.


Of the total foreign workers in Japan, 12 percent or about 153,600 are from the Philippines which belong to highly specialized fields, such as engineering and the academe.


Japan currently allows the hiring of only highly-skilled foreign workers and given Haneda’s estimates under the new program, one in 10 job openings starting summer of 2019 will be filled by a Filipino.


Japan is the Philippines’ top export market and its largest foreign investor with over 1,500 Japanese companies operating in the Philippines, mostly engaged in manufacturing and business process outsourcing. (via Daily Tribune)

How I Passed NCLEX After 22 Years of Graduating from Nursing School

Hello! I would like to share my experience reviewing for the NCLEX RN and hope that this might inspire some of you.

I graduated 22 years ago in the Philippines. I never practiced my nursing career, instead, I became a teacher. I migrated here in the US 8 years ago, and wondered if I could still be a nurse. I got my eligibility two years ago, and two months before it expired, I started reviewing. ( I am a procrastinator 😂 ) I work a full time job, a mom to two girls.

I used Remar, Uworld a month before I took the exam ( used only 1050 questions), Mark Klimek (was only able to finish 2 modules). My routine was like this: work til 4:30 pm, I get home at 5ish, cook dinner, take care of my youngest daughter’s homework, clean up then put her to bed at 8:30, then I can study til about 11pm. I struggled to review at night because I am already so tired and sleepy at that time.

Two months of that crazy and stressful routine!!

I took my test last Friday, stopped at 124 questions, had 38 SATAs, a lot of prioritization, 1 computation, 1 ECG strip, 15 pharm/drug questions, 5 drag and drops. The last 6-7 questions were so basic, that I felt like a failure. The following days after my exam were so depressing because I really thought I failed.

Until today, I checked the California Board of Nursing website, and I passed!! I believe in the power of prayers!! Keep the faith! 😊

P.S. I was only on the 42nd percentile in Uworld, getting only low 50s in every test i took. Do not be intimidated by the figures/percentiles.. just focus on understanding the rationales. Good luck!!

Boko Haram Executes Hauwa Leman, Keeps third Nurse as Slave

The Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), a faction of Boko Haram, has executed Hauwa Leman,a Registered Midwife and an aide worker with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), TheCable has been informed.

The terrorists also vowed to keep Leah Sharibu, the Dapchi schoolgirl, as “a slave for life”, TheCable exclusively gathered.

In a short clip seen by a special correspondent of TheCable, Leman was forced to kneel down, with her hands tied inside a white hijab which has a crest symbol, and then shot at a close range.

In September 2018, the insurgent group killed Saifura Ahmed, one of the three humanitarian workers abducted in Rann, Kala Balge local government area of Borno state, in March 2018, in a similar manner.

Leman, a 24-year-old midwife and student of health education at the University of Maiduguri, was in the group that was abducted.

Four soldiers, four policemen and three humanitarian aid workers were killed in the attack.

Toafic Toure, ICRC operational communication delegate, Maiduguri sub-delegation, had on Sunday pleaded with the federal government to avert Leman’s killing as the Monday deadline given by the insurgents approached.

ISWAP, in a short statement, said: “We have kept our word exactly as we said, by killing another humanitarian worker, Hauwa Leman, who is working with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) that were abducted during a raid on a military facility in Rann, Kala Balge in March 2018.

“Saifura and Hauwa were killed because they are considered as Murtads (apostates) by the group because they were once Muslims that have abandoned their Islam, the moment they chose to work with the Red Cross, and for us, there is no difference between Red Cross and UNICEF.

“If we see them, we will kill the apostates among them, men or women, and chose to kill or keep the infidels as slaves, men or women.”


Meanwhile, ISWAP has threatened to keep Sharibu as a slave.

She is the only Christian among the 110 girls abducted at the Government Girls’ Science and Technical College, Dapchi, Yobe state, on February 19, 2018.

While other girls were released, she was kept back because she refused to renounce her Christian faith.

There has been a global plea for her release.

The group said in the statement that Alice Ngaddah, a Registered Nurse and a Christian who works with UNICEF, will also be kept as a slave.

“From today”, ISWAP said, Sharibu, 15, and Ngaddah, a mother of two, “are now our slaves”.

“Based on our doctrines, it is now lawful for us to do whatever we want to do with them,” the group further said.


In the audio sent to one of her male friends when she was captured in March, Leman, who spoke in Hausa, said her parents should be informed that she had been kidnapped.

Running and panting, the victim said: “We are under attack in Rann. They are shooting everywhere please pray for me; please go and tell my parents that I am in trouble.

“Please, look for Fatima and tell her they are taking us away. They have entered here now…”

At that point, a male voice ordered her to keep quiet and not to move an inch. That was the last that was heard from her.

Source: https://www.thecable.ng/breaking-boko-haram-executes-another-aide-worker-says-leah-will-live-as-slave

‘We Did All We Could To Save Nurse Hauwa Liman from Boko Haram’ – Lai Mohammed

The Federal Government is shocked and saddened at the killing of another aid worker by Boko Haram on Monday, despite the actions taken by the government and the widespread appeal to save the young woman.

A statement issued in London on Monday by Segun Adeyemi, Special Adviser to the Honourable Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, described the killing as dastardly, inhuman and ungodly, saying nothing can justify the shedding of the blood of innocent people.

He commiserated with the family of Hauwa Leman, noting that the Federal Government did all within its powers to save her life.

His words: “It is very unfortunate that it has come to this. Before and after the deadline issued by her abductors, the Federal Government did everything any responsible government should do to save the aid worker.

“As we have been doing since these young women were abducted, we kept the line of negotiations open all through. In all the negotiations, we acted in the best interest of the women and the country as a whole.

”We are deeply pained by this killing, just like we were by the recent killing of the first aid worker. However, we will keep the negotiations open and continue to work to free the innocent women who remain in the custody of their abductors.”

He thanked all the friendly governments that have continued to work with Nigeria for the safe release of the abducted women, and the clerics across religious lines who have been pleading for their

Source: https://dailynaija.com/post/we-did-all-we-could-to-save-aid-worker-hauwa-liman-says-lai-mohammed